Rheological Properties of Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide Seeded by Nanoparticles

Hu, Zhongliang, Haruna, Maje, Gao, Hui , Nourafkan, Ehsan and Wen, Dongsheng (2017) Rheological Properties of Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide Seeded by Nanoparticles. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. . ISSN 0888-5885

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This work aims to improve the rheological properties of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) for enhanced oil recovery by using silica (or silicon dioxide, SiO2) nanoparticles (NPs). Novel aqueous HPAM-based SiO2 nanocomposites were formulated, and their rheological properties were investigated under different salinities, temperatures, and aging times. The results show that the inclusion of silica NPs significantly improved the viscosity and viscoelastic properties of HPAM especially under high temperature and high salinities. The NP/HPAM hybrid showed an impressive thermal stability at T = 80 °C after 12 days, and the viscosity reached ∼5 times that of HPAM at 0.8 wt % NP loading. The Fourier transform infrared spectral data confirmed that the formation of a hydrogen bond between the carbonyl groups in HPAM and the silanol functionalities on the surface of silica NPs contributed to the improved performance. The oscillation test indicated that seeding SiO2 remarkably facilitated the cross-links among polymer molecules and made the hybrids more elastically dominant. For a given HPAM concentration, it was observed that there was a critical nanoparticle concentration, which may indicate the absorption status of SiO2 NPs onto HPAM, and the salinity also affected the viscosity value.

Keywords:Enhanced oil recovery, Nanoparticles, Polymers
Subjects:H Engineering > H890 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
ID Code:36993
Deposited On:16 Sep 2019 09:25

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