The Routinization of Charisma in Central Asia: The cases of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

Isaacs, Rico (2015) The Routinization of Charisma in Central Asia: The cases of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Studies in Transition States and Societies, 7 (1). pp. 58-76. ISSN 1736-8758

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Using Weber’s concept of charismatic routinisation, this article analyses the dilemmas related to political succession and post-charismatic order in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. While the presidents of these three countries have drawn their authority from a combination of charismatic, legal-rational and traditional authority, they have relied most heavily on charisma in particular to sustain their rule. With the presidents of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan aging and facing the question of political succession, the article provides an analysis of the problems associated with potential for post-charismatic succession in these states. It does so by drawing on three of Weber’s mechanisms for charismatic routinisation: designation, hereditary charisma, and charisma in offi ce. The analysis demonstrates that in these three cases, despite charisma only having two routes available to it, traditional and legal-rational, the mixture of legalrational, traditional and charismatic domination undermines the process of charismatic routinisation. Consequently, the article argues that political succession in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan will most likely evolve into a reconstitution of charismatic leadership.

Keywords:charismatic routinisation, Charisma, Authoritarianism, political succession, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
Subjects:L Social studies > L240 International Politics
L Social studies > L260 Comparative Politics
L Social studies > L200 Politics
L Social studies > L243 Politics of a specific country/region
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:36897
Deposited On:09 Sep 2019 09:24

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