A shape-based voting algorithm for pedestrian detection and tracking

Assheton, Phil and Hunter, Andrew (2011) A shape-based voting algorithm for pedestrian detection and tracking. Pattern Recognition, 44 (5). pp. 1106-1120. ISSN 0031-3203

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.patcog.2010.10.012

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This paper presents the MOUGH (Mixture of Uniform and Gaussian Hough) Transform
for shape-based object detection and tracking. We show that the edgels of a rigid
object at a given orientation are approximately distributed according to a Gaussian
Mixture Model (GMMs). A variant of the Generalized Hough Transform is proposed,
voting using GMMs and optimized via Expectation-Maximization, that is capable of
searching images for a mildly-deformable shape, based on a training dataset of (possibly
noisy) images with only crude estimates of scale and centroid of the object in each
image. Further modifications are proposed to optimize the algorithm for tracking. The
method is able to locate and track objects reliably even against complex backgrounds
such as dense moving foliage, and with a moving camera. Experimental results indicate
that the algorithm is superior to previously-published variants of the Hough transform
and to Active Shape Models in tracking pedestrians from a side view.

Keywords:Scene Analysis, Shape tracking, Hough transform, Video Analysis
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G400 Computer Science
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:3623
Deposited On:09 Nov 2010 22:08

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