Evaluating the potential for environmental pollution from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood waste: A new mass balance approach

Mercer, Theresa and Frostick, Lynne (2014) Evaluating the potential for environmental pollution from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood waste: A new mass balance approach. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 276 . pp. 10-18. ISSN 0304-3894

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.05.006


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The potential for pollution from arsenic, chromium and copper in chromated copper arsenate (CCA) treated wood waste was assessed using two lysimeter studies. The first utilised lysimeters containing soil and CCA wood waste mulch exposed to natural conditions over a five month period. The second study used the same lysimeter setup in a regulated greenhouse setting with a manual watering regime. Woodchip, soil and leachate samples were evaluated for arsenic, chromium and copper concentrations. Resultant concentration data were used to produce mass balances, an approach thus far unused in such studies. This novel analysis revealed new patterns of mobility and distribution of the elements in the system. The results suggest that CCA wood waste tends to leach on initial exposure to a leachant and during weathering of the wood. When in contact with soil, metal(loid) transport is reduced due to complexation reactions. With higher water application or where the adsorption capacity of the soil is exceeded, the metal(loid)s are transported through the soil column as leachate. Overall, there was an unexplained loss of metal(loid)s from the system that might be attributed to volatilisation of arsenic and plant uptake. This suggests a hitherto unidentified risk to both the environment and human health.

Keywords:Arsenic, Chromium, Complexation, Copper, Health risks, Leaching, Lysimeters, Soil surveys, Wood preservation, Adsorption capacities, CCA treated wood, Chromated copper arsenate, Complexation reaction, Concentration data, Copper concentration, Environmental pollutions, Mass balance, Soils, arsenic, arsenic acid, unclassified drug, wood protecting agent, arsenic acid derivative, pollutant, adsorption, concentration (composition), human activity, lysimeter, soil column, waste treatment, wood, article, environmental exposure, greenhouse, pollution, solid waste management, weathering, wood, pollutant, toxicity, wood, Arsenates, Environmental Pollutants
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F850 Environmental Sciences
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:34046
Deposited On:23 Nov 2018 11:39

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