Towns in Victorian England and Wales: a new classification

Smith, Harry, Bennett, Robert and Radicic, Dragana (2018) Towns in Victorian England and Wales: a new classification. Urban History, 45 (4). pp. 568-594. ISSN 0963-9268

Full content URL:

Towns in Victorian England and Wales: a new classification

Request a copy
Towns in Victorian England and Wales: a new classification
[img] PDF
Towns-in-Victorian-England-a-new-classification-Final.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only

31111.pdf - Whole Document

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


This article describes the creation of a new urban classification based on the 1891 Census of England and Wales. It is the first attempt to use the recently available electronic version of the census to classify all large towns in late-Victorian England and Wales on the basis of their economic structure. The creation of I-CeM, which is an integrated, standardized electronic dataset of the England and Wales censuses for 1851-1911, allows the previous limitations of census data for urban classification to be overcome. Where previously scholars were restricted by the geographical units and aggregated occupation data provided in the published census reports, I-CeM allows manipulation of the original records in order to aggregate urban units and examine their occupational structures in great detail. While it was previously possible to examine individual parishes’ characteristics by manually extracting and coding data from the Census Enumerator Books (CEBs), this was a time-consuming practice. I-CeM allows analysis of parishes and aggregated urban units on a scale not realistically feasible previously. This article describes the identification of urban units and a factor analysis of their occupational structure which allows an urban classification to be developed.

Keywords:Victorian England and Wales, Towns classification, Urban history, JCCLuster
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V144 Modern History 1800-1899
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
Related URLs:
ID Code:31111
Deposited On:15 Feb 2018 11:17

Repository Staff Only: item control page