Short term mass variability in Greenland, from GRACE

Velicogna, I., Wahr, J., Hanna, E. and Huybrechts, P. (2005) Short term mass variability in Greenland, from GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (5). pp. 1-4. ISSN 0094-8276

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We use twenty-two monthly GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) gravity fields to recover nonsecular mass change in Greenland. The results show large seasonal variability. We compare with modeled precipitation, evaporation, and runoff derived from ERA40 (the 40-year ECMWF Re-Analysis of the global atmosphere). The model's seasonal amplitude is controlled by runoff and agrees reasonably well with GRACE. Both GRACE and the model show an April/May maximum. But the GRACE results show a delayed minimum relative to the model. This difference is probably associated with omissions in the runoff model, ice discharge, subglacial hydrology, mass loss by blowing-snow, and hydrology in ice-free regions. The discrepancy is smaller, but still significant, for south Greenland alone. When we include a proxy for ice discharge the agreement is improved. Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.

Keywords:Climate change, Discharge (fluid mechanics), Evaporation, Gravitation, Hydrology, Mathematical models, Precipitation (meteorology), Runoff, Snow, Gravity recovery and climate experiment (GRACE), Ice-free regions, Runoff model, Seasonal variability, Climatology, comparative study, glacier mass balance, numerical model, seasonal variation, Arctic, Arctic and Antarctic, Greenland, World
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F890 Geographical and Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
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ID Code:26061
Deposited On:10 Feb 2017 20:27

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