Steady-state VEP responses to uncomfortable stimuli

O'Hare, Louise (2017) Steady-state VEP responses to uncomfortable stimuli. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 45 (3). pp. 410-422. ISSN 0953-816X

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Steady-state VEP responses to uncomfortable stimuli
Steady-state VEP responses to uncomfortable stimuli
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Periodic stimuli, such as op-art, can evoke a range of aversive sensations included in the term visual discomfort. Illusory motion effects are elicited by fixational eye movements, but the cortex might also contribute to effects of discomfort. To investigate this possibility, steady-state visually evoked responses (SSVEPs) to contrast-matched op-art-based stimuli were measured at the same time as discomfort judgements. On average, discomfort reduced with increasing spatial frequency of the pattern. In contrast, the peak amplitude of the SSVEP response was around the midrange spatial frequencies. Like the discomfort judgements, SSVEP responses to the highest spatial frequencies were lowest amplitude, but the relationship breaks down between discomfort and SSVEP for the lower spatial frequency stimuli. This was not explicable by gross eye movements as measured using the facial electrodes. There was a weak relationship between the peak SSVEP responses and discomfort judgements for some stimuli, suggesting that discomfort can be explained in part by electrophysiological responses measured at the level of the cortex. However, there is a breakdown of this relationship in the case of lower spatial frequency stimuli, which remains unexplained.

Keywords:EEG spectral analysis, Vision, Visual discomfort, Steady state potentials
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:25225
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 15:29

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