Introducing Jus ante Bellum as a cosmopolitan approach to humanitarian intervention

Brown, Garrett W. and Bohm, Alexandra (2016) Introducing Jus ante Bellum as a cosmopolitan approach to humanitarian intervention. European Journal of International Relations, 22 (4). pp. 897-919. ISSN 1354-0661

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Introducing Jus ante Bellum as a Cosmopolitan Approach to Humanitarian Intervention
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Cosmopolitans often argue that the international community has a humanitarian responsibility to intervene militarily in order to protect vulnerable individuals from violent threats and to pursue the establishment of a condition of cosmopolitan justice based on the notion of a “global rule of law.” The purpose of this article is to argue that many of these cosmopolitan claims are incomplete and untenable on cosmopolitan grounds because they ignore the systemic and chronic structural factors that underwrite the root causes of these humanitarian threats. By way of examining cosmopolitan arguments for humanitarian military intervention and how systemic problems are further ignored in iterations of the Responsibility to Protect (RtP), this article suggests that many contemporary cosmopolitan arguments are guilty of focusing too narrowly on justifying a responsibility to respond to the symptoms of crisis versus demanding a similarly robust justification for a responsibility to alleviate persistent structural causes. Although this article recognizes that immediate principles of humanitarian intervention will at times be necessary, the article seeks to draw attention to what we are calling principles of Jus ante Bellum (right before war) and to stress that current cosmopolitan arguments about humanitarian intervention will remain insufficient without the incorporation of robust principles of distributive global justice which can provide secure foundations for a more thoroughgoing cosmopolitan condition of public right.

Keywords:cosmopolitanism, humanitarian intervention, just war theory, jus ante bellum, international law, Responsibility to Protect, R2P, JCOpen
Subjects:L Social studies > L252 War & Peace studies
L Social studies > L240 International Politics
L Social studies > L210 Political Theories
M Law > M130 Public International Law
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Law School
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ID Code:24241
Deposited On:25 Sep 2016 08:29

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