Pacifism, Quakers, and gender

Bell, Erin (2016) Pacifism, Quakers, and gender. In: The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 9781118663219

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Quakerism, a Christian denomination, originated in the actions of a few radical preachers active throughout the British Isles but particularly in North West England and Bristol during the 1640s and 1650s, such as Barbara Blaugdone, possibly from Bristol (1609–1704), and George Fox from Leicestershire (1624–1691). “Friends,” as members called themselves, were initially scorned by others, and the term “Quaker,” although later used by the group themselves,was originally a formof abuse,mocking their physical shaking when divinely moved to speak. Most Quakers rejected the idea of paid ministry and traditional church hierarchies, favoring a more egalitarian structure based on spiritual maturity rather than social status, and the development of a series of testimonies, or guides to ethical living. One of the first was the peace testimony. Arising during a period of civil war in the British Isles, Quakerism was not, in the first instance, entirely pacifist: several members, including Fox, were part of the Parliamentarian army which rejected monarchy and sought a republic. Quakers spread radical new ideas, including the idea that everyone held “that of God” within them, developed from Luke 17:21. Such spiritual equality paralleled contemporary calls for political equality and was core to much early Quaker activity, but led to conflict with non-Quakers, particularly over gender and violence.

Keywords:quakerism, gender, pacifism, violence
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V143 Modern History 1700-1799
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V142 Modern History 1600-1699
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V145 Modern History 1900-1919
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V144 Modern History 1800-1899
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V146 Modern History 1920-1949
Divisions:College of Arts > School of History & Heritage > School of History & Heritage (Heritage)
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ID Code:24010
Deposited On:07 Sep 2016 13:10

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