The effect of men's body attitudes and motivation for gym attendance

Caudwell, Kim M. and Keatley, David A. (2016) The effect of men's body attitudes and motivation for gym attendance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (9). pp. 2550-2556. ISSN 1064-8011

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


The current study integrates men's body attitudes with implicitly and explicitly measured motivation to investigate the role of these factors in predicting gym attendance. Male participants (N = 99) who regularly attended a gym were recruited to participate in an online questionnaire. Participants completed implicit and explicit measures of motivation, explicitly-measured men's body attitudes, and reported the average number of gym visits per week. Attitudes related to body fat and explicitly-measured autonomous motivation significantly predicted typical gym attendance. Implicitly-measured motivation significantly and negatively predicted gym attendance. Results indicate some support for a dual-systems account of gym attendance. Men's body attitudes and autonomous motivation influences gym attendance; however, implicitly-measured motivation showed antagonistic effects. While individuals may explicitly state their autonomous motivation for gym attendance, attendance may be influenced at the explicit level. Health and fitness professionals may improve gym attendance by focusing on people's reasons for attending a gym, facilitating autonomous motivation in clients, and minimising the influence of controlled reasons for exercise.

Keywords:gym, implicit, body dissatisfaction, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:23271
Deposited On:10 Jun 2016 10:11

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