Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members

Abrams, Dominic, Van de Vyver, Julie, Pelletier, Joseph and Cameron, Lindsey (2015) Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33 (3). pp. 277-294. ISSN 0261-510X

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When will children decide to help outgroup peers? We examined how intergroup competition, social perspective taking (SPT), and empathy influence children's (5–10 years, N = 287) prosocial intentions towards outgroup members. Study 1 showed that, in a minimal group situation, prosociality was lower in an intergroup competitive than in a non-competitive or interpersonal context. Study 2 revealed that, in a real groups situation involving intergroup competition, prosociality was associated with higher empathy and lower competitive motivation. In a subsequent non-competitive context, there were age differences in the impact of SPT and competitive motivation. With age, relationships strengthened between SPT and prosociality (positively) and between competitiveness and prosociality (negatively). Among older children, there was a carry-over effect whereby feelings of intergroup competitiveness aroused by the intergroup competitive context suppressed outgroup prosociality in the following non-competitive context. Theoretical and practical implications for improving children's intergroup relationships are discussed.

Keywords:prosociality, empathy, perspective taking, competition, intergroup, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C880 Social Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C820 Developmental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:23159
Deposited On:20 May 2016 16:35

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