Influences on Malaysian Pharmacy students’ career preferences

Hasan, Syed Shahzad, Chong, David, Ahmadi, Keivan , Wong, Pei Se, Ahmad Hassali, Mohammed Azmi, Hata, Ernieda Mohammed, Abdul Hadi, Muhammed, Belagodu, Sathvik Sridhar, Ahmed, Syed Imran, Low, Bee Yean and Efendie, Benny (2010) Influences on Malaysian Pharmacy students’ career preferences. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 74 (9). p. 166. ISSN 0002-9459

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Objectives. To identify and evaluate factors affecting the career preferences of fourth-year bachelor of
pharmacy (BPharm) students in Malaysia in the presence of a 4-year period of mandatory government
Methods. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used in this cross-sectional study to collect
data from final-year BPharm students enrolled at 3 government-funded universities and 1 private
university in Malaysia. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.
Results. Three hundred fourteen students responded (213 from public universities and 101 from the
private university). Approximately 32% of public university students and 37% of private university
students ranked their own interest in pharmacy as the reason for undertaking pharmacy degree studies;
40.4% of public and 19.8% of private university respondents stated that they would enter a nonpharmacy-related
career upon graduation if given the choice. Public university students ranked hospital
pharmacy as their choice of first career setting (4.39, p 5 0.001), while private students ranked
community pharmacy first (4.1, p 5 0.002). On a scale of 1 to 5, salary received the highest mean
score (3.9 and 4.0, p 5 0.854) as the extrinsic factor most influencing their career choice.
Conclusions. Final-year students at Malaysian public universities were most interested in hospital
pharmacy practice as their first career step upon graduation, while private university students were
most interested in community pharmacy. The top 3 extrinsic factors rated as significant in selecting
a career destination were salary, benefits, and geographical location.

Keywords:career, graduate, Malaysia, pharmacy students
Subjects:X Education > X900 Others in Education
Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
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ID Code:20174
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 16:01

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