Changes in the apparent speed of human locomotion: norm-based coding of speed

Mather, George (2015) Changes in the apparent speed of human locomotion: norm-based coding of speed. In: European Conference on Visual Perception, August 24-27, 2015, Liverpool.

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Item Type:Conference or Workshop contribution (Lecture)
Item Status:Live Archive


We report a new after-effect of visual motion in which the apparent speed of human locomotion is affected by prior exposure to speeded-up or slowed-down motion. In each trial participants were shown short video clips of running human figures (recorded from the London Marathon) and asked to report whether the speed of movement was ‘slower than natural’ or ‘faster than natural’, by pressing one of two response buttons. The clips were displayed at different playback speeds ranging from slow-motion (0.48x natural speed) to fast-forward (1.44x natural speed). Adaptation to stimuli played at normal speed resulted in the P50 of the psychometric function falling close to normal-speed playback. However after adaptation to 1.44x playback, normal-speed playback appeared too slow, so the P50 shifted significantly towards a higher playback speed; after adaptation to 0.48xplayback, normal-speed playback appeared too fast, so the P50 shifted significantly towards a lower playback speed. The shifts in apparent speed were obtained using both same- and opposite-direction adaptation-test stimulus pairs, indicating that the effect is a speed adaptation effect rather than a directional velocity after-effect. These findings are consistent with norm-based coding of the speed of movement.

Keywords:Motion, Bmjtype, Bmjconvert, JCOpen
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:19976
Deposited On:11 Jan 2016 20:35

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