Investigating trade-offs in sexual populations with gene flow

Ardern, Zachary and Goddard, Matthew (2015) Investigating trade-offs in sexual populations with gene flow. In: Evolutionary Biology: Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype. Springer International Publishing, pp. 245-262. ISBN 9783319199313, 9783319199320

Investigating trade-offs in sexual populations with gene flow
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Understanding the processes underlying trade-offs between environments, where adaptation to one results
in decreased fitness in another, is important in understanding evolutionary processes across a wide range of
organisms. The molecular basis of this evolutionary phenomenon is a key question in biology generally.
Unravelling the basis of trade-offs has application in understanding the maintenance of sexual reproduction
in most eukaryotic lineages in spite of apparent costs. In this chapter, we discuss the evolutionary problem
of sexual reproduction, and its relationship with trade-offs, working from August Weismann’s suggestion
that sex improves the efficiency of natural selection. We argue that microbial experimental evolution is an
important way in which claims about trade-offs and sex can be tested and that these experiments need to be
developed to better represent real world ecological and evolutionary problems. We review experiments,
including from our laboratory, which bear on the question of the benefits of sex in complex environments.
We also argue for the necessity of a genomic rather than merely genetic perspective on these questions.

Additional Information:This book presents 20 selected contributions to the 18th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2014 in Marseille. [publisher]
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C180 Ecology
C Biological Sciences > C170 Population Biology
C Biological Sciences > C182 Evolution
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:18472
Deposited On:26 Aug 2015 13:52

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