The development of active vortex generators from shape memory alloys for the convective cooling of heated surfaces

Aris, M. S., Owen, I. and Sutcliffe, C. J. (2011) The development of active vortex generators from shape memory alloys for the convective cooling of heated surfaces. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54 (15-16). pp. 3566-3574. ISSN 0017-9310

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A study of the convective heat transfer enhancement of heated surfaces through the use of active delta wing vortex generators is reported in this paper. The surface-mounted vortex generators (VGs) change their shape to intrude further into the flow at high temperatures to enhance heat transfer, while maintaining a low profile at low temperatures to minimise flow pressure losses. The VGs are made from shape memory alloys and manufactured in a selective laser melting process. Experiments have been carried out in a rectangular duct supplied with laminar-transition air flow. In the test section, a single, and a pair of active delta wing VGs were placed near the leading edge of a heated plate and tested separately for their heat transfer enhancement effects using infrared thermography. The pressure difference across the test section was also measured to determine the pressure drop penalty associated with the obstruction caused by the vortex generators in their active positions. Promising shape memory response was obtained from the active VG samples when their surface temperatures were varied from 20 °C to 65 °C. The vortex generators responded by increasing their angles of attack from 10° to 38° and as the designs were two-way trained, they regained their initial position and shape at a lower temperature. At their activated positions, maximum heat transfer improvements of up to 90 and 80 were achieved by the single and double wings respectively along the downstream direction. The flow pressure losses across the test section, when the wings were activated, increased between 7 and 63 of the losses at their de-activated positions, for the single and double VG respectively. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords:Air flow, Angles of attack, Convective cooling, Convective heat transfer, Delta wing vortices, Delta wings, Flow pressure, Heat transfer enhancement, Heated surfaces, High temperature, Infrared thermography, Initial position, Leading edge, Low profile, Low temperatures, Maximum heat transfer, Pressure differences, Rectangular ducts, Selective laser melting, Shape memory, Shape memory alloy, Shape memory alloys, Surface temperatures, Test sections, Vortex generators, Alloys, Delta wing aircraft, Heat convection, Heat transfer coefficients, Melting, Shape memory effect, Vortex flow, Transport aircraft
Subjects:H Engineering > H100 General Engineering
H Engineering > H141 Fluid Mechanics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
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ID Code:18245
Deposited On:12 Aug 2015 15:42

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