Pyrene emission from monolayers 'clicked' onto quartz

Song, Hongyan, Gorelik, Sergey, Hobley, Jonathan , Li, Jiexun, Boudhar, AÏcha and Lear, Martin J. (2013) Pyrene emission from monolayers 'clicked' onto quartz. Journal of Molecular and Engineering Materials, 01 (01). pp. 1250007-1. ISSN 2251-2373

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A series of quartz surfaces were modifed with a series of crosslinkers and functional groups in order to obtain an azide-terminated monolayer, which was then used to immobilize pyrene onto the surface via alkyne-azide \click" chemistry. During the course of the immobilization, different ratios of tert-butyl diphenyl chlorosilane were used to control the distribution and hence the photophysical properties of the pyrene on the surface. The preparative surface reactions and photophysical properties were investigated with contact angle, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-visible absorption and emission spectroscopy. High surface coverage was achieved of just under 1molecule per nm2. At this coverage all emission from the pyrene was in the form of excimer emission. Excimer emission dominated at all surface coverages greater than 0.45 molecules per nm2. Below this coverage the monomer emission could also be observed. The conclusions that can be drawn are important for understanding the interactions of neighboring molecules in molecular monolayers. Our results suggest that at high surface coverage a substantial number of the pyrene molecules are already close enough to their neighbors that pairs of them can be directly excited to form excimer with no requirement for diffusion. This can be stated because the long wavelength end of the pyrene absorption and excitation spectra show a broad tail that is assigned to a charge transfer band resulting from an electron being directly transferred from a ground state pyrene to a neighboring pyrene molecule. Furthermore, absorption spectra shifts also indicate that the pyrene molecules undergo some interactions on the surface when they are closely packed.

Keywords:pyrene, excimer, chemisorption, click chemistry, fluorescent probes, self assembly
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F200 Materials Science
F Physical Sciences > F170 Physical Chemistry
F Physical Sciences > F160 Organic Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:17133
Deposited On:23 Apr 2015 11:57

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