H-bonding supramolecular assemblies of PTCDI molecules on the Au(111) surface

Mura, M., Silly, F., Briggs, G. A. D. , Castell, M. R. and Kantorovich, L. N. (2009) H-bonding supramolecular assemblies of PTCDI molecules on the Au(111) surface. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113 (52). pp. 21840-21848. ISSN 1932-7447


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Using a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) and a systematic theoretical method based on considering all possible hydrogen bond connections between molecules with subsequent density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we studied supramolecular assemblies of highly symmetrical rectangular PTCDI molecules on the Au(111) surface. We show, using a systematic prediction procedure followed by ab initio density functional calculations, that just over 10 monolayer structures are possible assuming two molecules in the primitive cell, some of which would appear indistinguishable in the STM images. By breaking down these structures into distinct assemblies, we predict six possible phases. Two of these had been observed previously: a canted phase seen on a number of surfaces including Au(111) and a brick wall phase seen so far only on the NaCl(001) surface. Using STM imaging of PTCDI molecules on the Au(111) surface in ultrahigh vacuum, we discovered a completely new "domino" phase, also predicted by our theory, in which molecules attach to each other rather like dominoes, to form squares repeated periodically across the surface. The interaction of the molecules with the gold surface seems to influence the orientation of the phases but not necessarily their stability. © 2009 American Chemical Society.

Keywords:Ab initio, Au(1 1 1 ), Au(111) surfaces, Brick wall, Density functional theory calculations, Density-functional calculations, Gold surfaces, H-bonding, Monolayer structures, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (stm), STM images, Supramolecular assemblies, Functional polymers, Hydrogen bonds, Molecules, Monolayers, Scanning tunneling microscopy, Sodium chloride, Supramolecular chemistry, Ultrahigh vacuum, Density functional theory
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F320 Chemical Physics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
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ID Code:16692
Deposited On:12 Feb 2015 20:11

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