Direct evidence of primary glass production in Late Bronze Age Amarna, Egypt

Smirniou, Melina and Rehren, Thilo (2011) Direct evidence of primary glass production in Late Bronze Age Amarna, Egypt. Archaeometry, 53 (1). ISSN 0003-813X

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This paper presents direct archaeological evidence for the primary production of glass at the LBA site of Tell el-Amarna, in the form of numerous finds of semi-finished glass. The diagnostic microstructural and chemical composition of these finds is presented alongside macroscopically similar finds, of shapeless lumps of finished white glass. The semi-finished glass was found to contain numerous inclusions of residual quartz and newly formed lime-rich crystal phases, but no added colorant. However, several samples of semi-finished glass have antimony oxide levels comparable to those of finished white glass, suggesting that the opacifier was added to the initial glass-making batch. The results are discussed in comparison with the evidence for glass-making from Qantir – Pi-Ramesse, identifying some close technical similarities, which indicate that the same technological processes were used at both sites for the production of glass.

Keywords:ancient glass, Late Bronze Age, Amarna, Egypt, archaeometry
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F420 Archaeological Science
Divisions:College of Arts
ID Code:16614
Deposited On:01 Feb 2015 19:27

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