Postcranial sex estimation of individuals considered hispanic

Tise, M. L., Spradley, M.K. and Anderson, B. E. (2013) Postcranial sex estimation of individuals considered hispanic. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 58 (S1). S9-S14. ISSN 0022-1198,

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When forensic anthropologists estimate the sex of Hispanic skeletal remains using nonpopulation specific metric methods, initial
observations cause males to frequently misclassify as female. To help improve these methods, this research uses postcranial measurements from United States–Mexico border migrant fatalities at the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner in Tucson, Arizona, as well as Hispanic individuals from the Forensic Anthropology Data Bank. Using a total of 114 males and 28 females, sectioning points and discriminant functions provide classification rates as high as 89.43% for Hispanic individuals. A test sample assessed the reliability of these techniques resulting in accuracy up to 99.65%. The clavicle maximum length measurement provides the best univariate estimate of sex, while the radius provides the best multivariate estimated of sex. The results of this research highlight the need for population specific data in the creation of a biological profile, especially when working with individuals considered Hispanic.

Keywords:forensic science, forensic anthropology, sex estimation, Hispanic, postcranial skeletal measurements, human osteology, undocumented border crossers, forensic anthropology data bank
Subjects:L Social studies > L620 Physical and Biological Anthropology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:15362
Deposited On:08 Oct 2014 22:09

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