Seston capture by Hydropsyche siltalai and the accuracy of capture efficiency estimates

Brown, Sarah A., Ruxton, Graeme D., Pickup, Roger W. and Humphries, Stuart (2005) Seston capture by Hydropsyche siltalai and the accuracy of capture efficiency estimates. Freshwater Biology, 50 (1). pp. 113-126. ISSN 0046-5070

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1. Suspension feeding by caseless caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera) constitutes a major pathway for energy flow, and strongly influences productivity, in streams and rivers. 2. Consideration of the impact of these animals on lotic ecosystems has been strongly influenced by a single study investigating the efficiency of particle capture of nets built by one species of hydropsychid caddisfly. 3. Using water sampling techniques at appropriate spatial scales, and taking greater consideration of local hydrodynamics than previously, we examined the size-frequency distribution of particles captured by the nets of Hydropsyche siltalai. Our results confirm that capture nets are selective in terms of particle size, and in addition suggest that this selectivity is for particles likely to provide the most energy. 4. By incorporating estimates of flow diversion around the nets of caseless caddisfly larvae, we show that capture efficiency (CE) is considerably higher than previously estimated, and conclude that more consideration of local hydrodynamics is needed to evaluate the efficiency of particle capture. 5. We use our results to postulate a mechanistic explanation for a recent example of interspecific facilitation, whereby a reduction of near-bed velocities seen in single species monocultures leads to increased capture rates and local depletion of seston within the region of reduced velocity.

Keywords:efficiency measurement, feeding behavior, filter feeder, particle size, seston, Animalia, Hydropsyche, Hydropsyche siltalai, Hydropsychidae, Trichoptera
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C162 Freshwater Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:15268
Deposited On:15 Oct 2014 10:17

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