Natural law, protest and the English Episcopate 1257-1265

Hoskin, Philippa (2015) Natural law, protest and the English Episcopate 1257-1265. In: Thirteenth century England XV: Authority and Resistance in the Age of Magna Carta. Proceedings of the Aberystwyth and Lampeter Conference, 2013. Boydell and Brewer, pp. 83-98. ISBN 9781783270521

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Why did some English bishops become committed to Simon de Montfort's rebellion against the king in 1263, although their experience of the earlier phase of rebellion had demonstrated that de Montfort and his barons were not interested in addressing the Church's grievances? The answer may lie in the bishops' concern for the maintenance of natural law. Their surviving records suggest that their real problem with the King was that by not fulfilling his obligation to good rule he did not keep this law, thereby upsetting the balance of the world. This was a risky practice when the last judgment of souls was thought to be very close. The bishops who remained close to de Montfort hoped he would enforce the balance of this law even if he ignored their personal grievances. They also felt a personal obligation to ensure he did so, an obligation which was part of the philosophical and theological beliefs they had obtained from the now deceased bishop of Lincoln, Robert Grosseteste

Keywords:natural law, medieval history, bishop of Lincoln, baronial war, eschatology
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V214 English History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V130 Medieval History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V340 Intellectual History
Divisions:College of Arts > School of History & Heritage > School of History & Heritage (History)
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ID Code:14378
Deposited On:27 Jun 2014 08:34

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