Long-term cardiorespiratory effects of Mediterranean diet and exercise training intervention in sedentary older participants

Alkhatib, Ahmad, Middleton, Geoff and Klonizakis, Markos (2014) Long-term cardiorespiratory effects of Mediterranean diet and exercise training intervention in sedentary older participants. Obesity Facts, 7 (Supp 1). p. 119. ISSN 1662-4025

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Introduction: The cardio-protective benefits of exercise and healthy diets, especially Mediterranean Diet (MD) are well established. Combining MD with exercise training has been recently shown to reverse cardio-metabolic risk in ageing adults. This study tested whether the exercise and MD improvement in cardiorespiratory capacity are sustained after six-months in older participants.
Methods: With institutional ethical approval, seventeen sedentary healthy participants (age = 54.7 ± 3.5) completed eight-weeks of moderate aerobic exercise training alone or combined with MD, assessed by MD adherence questionnaire. Cardiorespiratory capacity was assessed by ventilatory threshold (VT) before, after and six-months following the completion of training. Mixed-design ANOVA was used to assess within effects (training and follow-up) and between effects (MD- and Exercise-group).
Results: The initial intervention-dependent cardiorespiratory improvement in VT (12.2 ± 3.0 vs. 15.1 ± 3.1 ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.01), was maintained after six months compared with baseline (12.2 ± 3.0 vs. 13.2 ± 3.2ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05) with no significant deterioration in the six months after the completion of the intervention. However, no interaction effect was found between MD-group and exercise-group. Within groups comparisons showed a trend, though not significant, towards sustained benefits of the MD group (12.2 ± 2.7, 14.1 ± 3.8, 13.1 ± 3.7 ml.kg-1.min-1, p = 0.078 for main ANOVA effects) in pre-, post-intervention and follow-up respectively. However, this trend was more prominent and significant in the exercise group (12.2 ± 3.3, 15.6 ± 3.0, 13.3 ± 3.2 ml.kg-1.min-1, p = 0.010 for pre-, post-intervention and follow-up respectively.
Conclusion: In older sedentary adults, exercise training provides sustained improvement in cardiorespiratory capacity. Combining MD with exercise, though initially effective, require further research to distinguish the specific long-term benefits and adherence to MD.

Additional Information:The work was presented at the 21th European Congress on Obesity (ECO2014), Sofia, Bulgaria, May 28-31, 2014.
Keywords:Mediterranean diet, Exercise, cardiorespiratory capacity, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B400 Nutrition
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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ID Code:14374
Deposited On:24 Jun 2014 08:12

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