Raman spectra of biomarkers of relevance to analytical astrobiological exploration: hopanoids, sterols and steranes

Edwards, H. G. M., Herschy, B., Page, K. , Munshi, T. and Scowen, I. J. (2011) Raman spectra of biomarkers of relevance to analytical astrobiological exploration: hopanoids, sterols and steranes. Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78 (1). pp. 191-195. ISSN 1386-1425

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2010.09.020

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The aim of this work is to investigate the viability and potential of three groups of organic compounds as biomarkers in a future robotic analytical exploration of Mars. The three compounds have been identified as suitable candidates for potential biomarkers for extant or extinct life from the terrestrial fossil record. The three groups of compound were all similar in structure, being either tetra- or penta-cyclic compounds. The limits of detection for a sample were also tested to estimate what concentrations it would still be amenable to Raman spectroscopic investigation. This was investigated using both solid mixtures and liquid solutions. The spectra of these compounds are characterised so that they can be added to the Raman database for future Mars missions. This involved identifying functional group characteristics, assigning peaks for each individual sample and characteristic features which would categorise the samples. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords:Cyclic compounds, Hopanoids, Limits of detection, Liquid solution, Mars, Mars missions, Raman spectra, Raman spectroscopic, Solid mixtures, Steranes, Sterols, Terrestrial fossils, Alcohols, Functional groups, Lipids, Martian surface analysis, Raman scattering, Raman spectroscopy, biological marker, hopane, sterol, triterpene, article, astrobiology, chemistry, limit of detection, methodology, microclimate, powder, Raman spectrometry, space flight, standard, Biological Markers, Exobiology, Extraterrestrial Environment, Powders, Reference Standards, Spectrum Analysis, Raman, Triterpenes
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F100 Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
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ID Code:13025
Deposited On:19 Mar 2014 18:51

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