RUNX1-RUNX1 homodimerization modulates RUNX1 activity and function

Li, Donglan, Sinha, Kislay K., Hay, Maher A. , Rinaldi, Ciro R., Saunthararajah, Yogen and Nucifora, Giuseppina (2007) RUNX1-RUNX1 homodimerization modulates RUNX1 activity and function. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (18). pp. 13542-51. ISSN 0021-9258

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RUNX1 (AML1, CBFalpha2, PEBP2alphaB) is a transcription factor essential for the establishment of the hematopoietic stem cell. It is generally thought that RUNX1 exists as a monomer that regulates hematopoietic differentiation by interacting with tissue-specific factors and its DNA consensus through its N terminus. RUNX1 is frequently altered in human leukemia by gene fusions or point mutations. In general, these alterations do not affect the N terminus of the protein, and it is unclear how they consistently lead to hematopoietic transformation and leukemia. Here we report that RUNX1 homodimerizes through a mechanism involving C terminus-C terminus interaction. This RUNX1-RUNX1 interaction regulates the activity of the protein in reporter gene assays and modulates its ability to induce hematopoietic differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines. The promoters of genes regulated by RUNX1 often contain multiple RUNX1 binding sites. This arrangement suggests that RUNX1 could homodimerize to bring and hold together distant chromatin sites and factors and that if the dimerization region is removed by gene fusions or is altered by point mutations, as observed in leukemia, the ability of RUNX1 to regulate differentiation could be impaired.

Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:12422
Deposited On:20 Mar 2014 09:48

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