The diet of adult psittacids: veterinarian and ethological approaches

Péron, Franck and Grosset, Claire (2014) The diet of adult psittacids: veterinarian and ethological approaches. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 98 (3). pp. 403-416. ISSN 0931-2439

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Parrots species are kept as pets because of their colours, their vocal abilities, their longevity and also their behaviours. Nevertheless, many owners do not know how to feed their bird in a healthy way and sometimes veterinarians and ethologists are confronted to dramatic situations. Diet is a key factor to prevent and reduce health and psychogenic disorders. Imbalance can lead to physical, physiological and behavioural modifications that can weaken the owner–bird relationship, cause bird discomfort and sometimes threaten its survival. Psittacids are known for their complex cognitive and communicative abilities. They are social animals and need many interactions. Kept in captivity, they could suffer from boredom because of lack of stimulations and also because of lack of possibility to explore and to forage, which could represent up to 70% of their day time in the wild. Indeed, humans control every parameter in the environment of pet psittacids. They provide a highly digestible diet. In captivity, foraging is not mandatory, and the bird can get bored. Here, we present a review of the literature regarding the quality of the diet and health disorders on one hand and the interaction between foraging opportunities and psychogenic disorders in adult psittacids on the other hand.

Keywords:welfare, cognition, psychogenic disorders, health prevention, psittacids diet, NotOAChecked
Subjects:D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D327 Animal Nutrition
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D328 Animal Welfare
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:11583
Deposited On:02 Aug 2013 14:35

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