Synthesis of C-aryl-nucleosides and O-aryl-glycosides via cuprate glycosylation

Hainke, Sven, Singh, Ishwar, Hemmings, Jennifer and Seitz, Oliver (2007) Synthesis of C-aryl-nucleosides and O-aryl-glycosides via cuprate glycosylation. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 72 (23). pp. 8811-8819. ISSN 0022-3263

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2'-Deoxy-C-aryl-nucleosides have found increasing importance in studying DNA-DNA and DNA-protein interactions, as unnatural DNA-base pairs, and as oligonucleotide based fluorophores. Access to the required C-aryl-nucleosides is provided by several glycosylation methods. Though useful in many cases, these methods often have drawbacks such as low yields or low economic efficiency. The necessity for intensive optimization of the reaction conditions and/or the use of hazardous and toxic reagents can render C-glycosylation reactions cumbersome. Herein we describe a robust and highly efficient C-glycosylation method. It is shown that aryl cuprates of the Normant-type reliably react with Hoffer's chlorosugar to deliver C-aryl-nucleosides in up to 93% yield. This method may substitute for the previously employed coupling with organocadmium or -zinc species. Peculiar reactivities are reported for C-glycosylation of Gilman-type aryl cuprates which required substantial arene-specific optimization. Interestingly, the glycosylation of Gilman cuprates was found to provide access not only to C-arylnucleosides but also to O-aryl-glycosides. The reactions of Gilman cuprates with Hoffer's chlorosugar 1 in the presence of oxygen provided the coresponding O-aryl-2'-deoxyribos ides in up to 87% yield without concomitant C-glycosylation.

Keywords:Nucleosides, Glycosides
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:11302
Deposited On:24 Jul 2013 09:39

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