Information recovery from rank-order encoded images

sen Bhattacharya, Basabdatta and Furber, Steve (2008) Information recovery from rank-order encoded images. PhD thesis, University of Manchester.

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Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Item Status:Live Archive


The time to detection of a visual stimulus by the primate eye is recorded at
100 – 150ms. This near instantaneous recognition is in spite of the considerable
processing required by the several stages of the visual pathway to recognise and
react to a visual scene. How this is achieved is still a matter of speculation.
Rank-order codes have been proposed as a means of encoding by the primate
eye in the rapid transmission of the initial burst of information from the sensory
neurons to the brain. We study the efficiency of rank-order codes in encoding
perceptually-important information in an image. VanRullen and Thorpe built a
model of the ganglion cell layers of the retina to simulate and study the viability
of rank-order as a means of encoding by retinal neurons. We validate their model
and quantify the information retrieved from rank-order encoded images in terms
of the visually-important information recovered. Towards this goal, we apply
the ‘perceptual information preservation algorithm’, proposed by Petrovic and
Xydeas after slight modification. We observe a low information recovery due
to losses suffered during the rank-order encoding and decoding processes. We
propose to minimise these losses to recover maximum information in minimum
time from rank-order encoded images. We first maximise information recovery by
using the pseudo-inverse of the filter-bank matrix to minimise losses during rankorder
decoding. We then apply the biological principle of lateral inhibition to
minimise losses during rank-order encoding. In doing so, we propose the Filteroverlap
Correction algorithm. To test the perfomance of rank-order codes in
a biologically realistic model, we design and simulate a model of the foveal-pit
ganglion cells of the retina keeping close to biological parameters. We use this
as a rank-order encoder and analyse its performance relative to VanRullen and
Thorpe’s retinal model.

Keywords:rank-order codes, information recovery, retinal modelling
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G730 Neural Computing
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:10601
Deposited On:30 Jun 2013 19:48

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