Items where Subject is "F641 Palaeontology"

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'anthracosaurs' Allanicytidiidae Amniota Anomalocystitida Anomodontia Archaeopriapulida Argentina Ballagan Formation Batrachia Bird Bokkeveldia Brachyopidae Cambrian explosion Carboniferous Cenozoic Chigutisauridae Clutch size Contact incubation Crocodylia Devonian Diadectomorpha Dicynodontia Dinosaur Dinosauria Discovery curve Disparity Dissorophoidea Diversity Dvinosauroidea Early Carboniferous Echinoid Egg Egg size Eggshell Evolution Floral provinciality Fossil Fossil record Gephyrostegus Gymnophiona Ichthyopterygia Incubation JCNotOpen JCOpen Leaf morphology Lepospondyli Lissamphibia Lower Devonian Lystrosaurus Mass Mesozoic Mesozoic bird N/A Nesting environment New Brunswick NotOAChecked Osteostraci Palaeoscolecida Paleozoic Parareptilia Pelvic canal width Pennsylvanian Permian Permian extinction Placocystella Pore Portugal Priapulida Procera Procolophonidae Pterosaur Reproduction Russia Sampling proxies Sauropod Seymouriamorpha South Africa Stereospondyl Temnospondyli Tertiary Tetrapoda Tetrapoda Amniota Diversification Devonian Carboniferous Permian Triassic Jurassic Tettigoniidae Tooth Tournaisian Tracheophytes Triassic Trimerorhachidae Ultrastructure Varanus acanthostega adaptations adelospondyls amniote phylogeny amniotes amphibians ancestral area anthracosaurs aïstopods basal stem amniotes basal tetrapods biological asymmetry biomechanics birds bite force bmjgoldcheck bmjtype bottleneck bushcricket call evolution categorical data characters clades cladistics cladogram collector curve colosteids congruence constraints cosmopolitan cretaceous cynodonts dermal skull development diapsid dinosaur disparity dispersal diversification diversity earliest Serpukhovian (‘Namurian’) early tetrapods ecological modelling ecomorphology egg eggshell outline eigenshape analysis embryology empirical morphospace end-Permian mass extinction euryhaline evolution evolutionary ecology evolutionary innovation evolutionary rate shifts extinction extinctions feeding felids fin-limb transition finite-element analysis fins fish fish communities fossa subarcuata fossil record fossils functional morphology geometric morphometrics ghost lineages girdles growth heterochrony humeral morphology incubation inner ear interpterygoid vacuities landmarks lepospondyls limbs lissamphibians lowe jaw lower jaw mesozoic morphology morphometrics morphospace ontogeny orbit openings origin of amniotes origination originations paired appendages palaeoecology palate paleontology parental care parsimony ratchet partition homogeneity phylogenetic comparative methods phylogenetic signal phylogeny phylomorphospace postcranium pterodactyloids pterosaur pterosaurs radiation rarefaction rate shifts rates relationships rhamphorhynchoids salinity gradient scaling sexual dimorphism shape shoulder girdle sizes skull skull shaoe spatial relationships stem-amniote taxon exemplar terrestriality tetrapods therapsids theropods total-group trait correlation turnover vertebrates water vapour conductance ‘lepospondyl’ polyphyly
Number of items at this level: 327.

'anthracosaurs'

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

Allanicytidiidae

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Amniota

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Anomalocystitida

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Anomodontia

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

Archaeopriapulida

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

Argentina

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2008) Pterosaur eggshell structure and its implications for pterosaur reproductive biology. Zitteliana: an international journal of palaeontology and geobiology, B28 . pp. 199-207. ISSN 1612-412X, 1612-4138

Ballagan Formation

Clack, J.A., Bennett, C.A., Carpenter, D.K., Davies, S.J., Fraser, N.C., Kearsey, T.J., Marshall, J.E.A., Millward, D., Otoo, B.K.A., Reeves, E.J., Ross, A.J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K.Z., Smithson, T.R. and Walsh, S.A. (2017) Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1 . p. 2. ISSN 2397-334X

Batrachia

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Bird

Deeming, Charles and Birchard, Geoffrey (2009) Why were extinct gigantic birds so small? Avian Biology Research, 1 (4). pp. 187-194. ISSN 1758-1559

Bokkeveldia

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Brachyopidae

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Cambrian explosion

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

Carboniferous

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Cenozoic

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

Chigutisauridae

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Clutch size

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

Contact incubation

Deeming, Charles and Mayr, Gerald (2018) Pelvis morphology suggests that early Mesozoic birds were too heavy to contact incubate their egg. Journal of Evolutionary Biology . ISSN 1010-061X

Crocodylia

Young, Mark T., Brusatte, Stephen L., Ruta, Marcello and Andrade, Marco Brandalise de (2010) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158 (4). pp. 801-859. ISSN 0024-4082

Devonian

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

Clack, J.A., Bennett, C.A., Carpenter, D.K., Davies, S.J., Fraser, N.C., Kearsey, T.J., Marshall, J.E.A., Millward, D., Otoo, B.K.A., Reeves, E.J., Ross, A.J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K.Z., Smithson, T.R. and Walsh, S.A. (2017) Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1 . p. 2. ISSN 2397-334X

Diadectomorpha

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

Dicynodontia

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

Dinosaur

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

Dinosauria

Li, Yimeng, Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2020) Craniodental and Postcranial Characters of Non-Avian Dinosauria Often Imply Different Trees. Systematic Biology, 69 (4). pp. 638-659. ISSN 1063-5157

Discovery curve

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

Disparity

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Dissorophoidea

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Diversity

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Dvinosauroidea

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Early Carboniferous

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

Echinoid

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Egg

Lu, Junchang, Unwin, David M., Deeming, D. Charles, Jin, Xingsheng, Liu, Yongqing and Ji, Qiang (2011) An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs. Science, 331 (6015). pp. 321-324. ISSN 0193-4511

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2008) Pterosaur eggshell structure and its implications for pterosaur reproductive biology. Zitteliana: an international journal of palaeontology and geobiology, B28 . pp. 199-207. ISSN 1612-412X, 1612-4138

Egg size

Deeming, Charles and Mayr, Gerald (2018) Pelvis morphology suggests that early Mesozoic birds were too heavy to contact incubate their egg. Journal of Evolutionary Biology . ISSN 1010-061X

Eggshell

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2008) Pterosaur eggshell structure and its implications for pterosaur reproductive biology. Zitteliana: an international journal of palaeontology and geobiology, B28 . pp. 199-207. ISSN 1612-412X, 1612-4138

Evolution

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

Floral provinciality

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Fossil

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2008) Pterosaur eggshell structure and its implications for pterosaur reproductive biology. Zitteliana: an international journal of palaeontology and geobiology, B28 . pp. 199-207. ISSN 1612-412X, 1612-4138

Fossil record

Deeming, Charles (2017) How pterosaurs bred. Science, 358 (6367). pp. 1124-1125. ISSN 0036-8075

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Gephyrostegus

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

Gymnophiona

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

Ichthyopterygia

Thorne, Philippa M., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Resetting the evolution of marine reptiles at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (20). pp. 8339-8344. ISSN 0027-8424

Incubation

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

JCNotOpen

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

JCOpen

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

Leaf morphology

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Lepospondyli

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Lissamphibia

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Lower Devonian

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Lystrosaurus

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

Mass

Deeming, Charles and Birchard, Geoffrey (2009) Why were extinct gigantic birds so small? Avian Biology Research, 1 (4). pp. 187-194. ISSN 1758-1559

Mesozoic

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

Mesozoic bird

Deeming, Charles and Mayr, Gerald (2018) Pelvis morphology suggests that early Mesozoic birds were too heavy to contact incubate their egg. Journal of Evolutionary Biology . ISSN 1010-061X

N/A

Ruta, Marcello, Ahlberg, Per E. and Smithson, Timothy R. (2019) Fossils, Function and Phylogeny: Papers on Early Vertebrate Evolution in Honour of Professor Jennifer A. Clack. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). The RSE Scotland Foundation. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Nesting environment

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

New Brunswick

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

NotOAChecked

Lu, Junchang, Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu, Deeming, Charles and Liu, Yongqing (2015) Post-natal parental care in a Cretaceous diapsid from northeastern China. Geosciences Journal, 19 (2). pp. 273-280. ISSN 1226-4806

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Osteostraci

Ferron, Humberto G., Greenwood, Jenny M., Deline, Bradley, Martinez-Perez, Carlos, Botella, Hector, Sansom, Robert S., Ruta, Marcello and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2020) Categorical versus geometric morphometric approaches to characterizing the evolution of morphological disparity in Osteostraci (Vertebrata, stem Gnathostomata). Palaeontology . ISSN 0031-0239

Palaeoscolecida

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

Paleozoic

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Parareptilia

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

Pelvic canal width

Deeming, Charles and Mayr, Gerald (2018) Pelvis morphology suggests that early Mesozoic birds were too heavy to contact incubate their egg. Journal of Evolutionary Biology . ISSN 1010-061X

Pennsylvanian

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

Permian

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

Permian extinction

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

Placocystella

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Pore

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

Portugal

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Priapulida

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

Procera

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Procolophonidae

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

Pterosaur

Lu, Junchang, Unwin, David M., Deeming, D. Charles, Jin, Xingsheng, Liu, Yongqing and Ji, Qiang (2011) An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs. Science, 331 (6015). pp. 321-324. ISSN 0193-4511

Reproduction

Deeming, Charles (2017) How pterosaurs bred. Science, 358 (6367). pp. 1124-1125. ISSN 0036-8075

Deeming, Charles and Birchard, Geoffrey (2009) Why were extinct gigantic birds so small? Avian Biology Research, 1 (4). pp. 187-194. ISSN 1758-1559

Lu, Junchang, Unwin, David M., Deeming, D. Charles, Jin, Xingsheng, Liu, Yongqing and Ji, Qiang (2011) An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs. Science, 331 (6015). pp. 321-324. ISSN 0193-4511

Russia

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

Sampling proxies

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Sauropod

Ruxton, Graeme D., Birchard, Geoffrey F. and Deeming, Charles (2014) Incubation time as an important influence on egg production and distribution into clutches for sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology, 40 (3). pp. 323-330. ISSN 0094-8373

Seymouriamorpha

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

South Africa

Ruta, Marcello and Theron, Johannes (1997) Two Devonian mitrates from South Africa. Palaeontology, 40 (1). pp. 201-243. ISSN 0031-0239

Stereospondyl

Penrice, Samantha and Deeming, Charles (2018) Morphometrics of feeding anatomy in stereospondyl amphibians. Australasian Palaeontological Memoirs, 51 . pp. 131-140. ISSN 2205-8877

Temnospondyli

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

Tertiary

Deeming, Charles and Birchard, Geoffrey (2009) Why were extinct gigantic birds so small? Avian Biology Research, 1 (4). pp. 187-194. ISSN 1758-1559

Tetrapoda

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello and Coates, Michael I. (2007) Dates, nodes and character conflict: addressing the Lissamphibian origin problem. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5 (1). pp. 69-122. ISSN 1477-2019

Tetrapoda Amniota Diversification Devonian Carboniferous Permian Triassic Jurassic

Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello, Dunhill, Alexander M. and Sakamoto, Manabu (2013) The first half of tetrapod evolution, sampling proxies, and fossil record quality. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 372 . pp. 18-41. ISSN 0031-0182

Tettigoniidae

Gu, Jun-Jie, Montealegre-Z, Fernando, Robert, Daniel, Engel, Michael S., Qiao, Ge-Xia and Ren, Dong (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (10). pp. 3868-3873. ISSN 0027-8424

Tooth

Penrice, Samantha and Deeming, Charles (2018) Morphometrics of feeding anatomy in stereospondyl amphibians. Australasian Palaeontological Memoirs, 51 . pp. 131-140. ISSN 2205-8877

Tournaisian

Clack, J.A., Bennett, C.A., Carpenter, D.K., Davies, S.J., Fraser, N.C., Kearsey, T.J., Marshall, J.E.A., Millward, D., Otoo, B.K.A., Reeves, E.J., Ross, A.J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K.Z., Smithson, T.R. and Walsh, S.A. (2017) Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1 . p. 2. ISSN 2397-334X

Tracheophytes

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

Triassic

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

Trimerorhachidae

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Ultrastructure

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

Varanus

Ivanov, Martin, Ruta, Marcello, Klembara, Jozef and Böhme, Madelaine (2018) A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology . ISSN 1477-2019

acanthostega

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

adaptations

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

adelospondyls

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

amniote phylogeny

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

amniotes

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

amphibians

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

ancestral area

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

anthracosaurs

Ruta, Marcello and Clack, Jennifer A. (2006) A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (1). pp. 31-63. ISSN 1755-6910

aïstopods

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

basal stem amniotes

Ruta, Marcello and Clack, Jennifer A. (2006) A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (1). pp. 31-63. ISSN 1755-6910

basal tetrapods

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

biological asymmetry

Gu, Jun-Jie, Montealegre-Z, Fernando, Robert, Daniel, Engel, Michael S., Qiao, Ge-Xia and Ren, Dong (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (10). pp. 3868-3873. ISSN 0027-8424

biomechanics

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

Gu, Jun-Jie, Montealegre-Z, Fernando, Robert, Daniel, Engel, Michael S., Qiao, Ge-Xia and Ren, Dong (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (10). pp. 3868-3873. ISSN 0027-8424

birds

Birchard, Geoffrey F., Ruta, Marcello and Deeming, D. Charles (2013) Evolution of parental incubation behaviour in dinosaurs cannot be inferred from clutch mass in birds. Biology Letters, 9 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1744-9561

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

bite force

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

bmjgoldcheck

Lu, Junchang, Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu, Deeming, Charles and Liu, Yongqing (2015) Post-natal parental care in a Cretaceous diapsid from northeastern China. Geosciences Journal, 19 (2). pp. 273-280. ISSN 1226-4806

Pereira, Bruno Claro, Benton, Michael J., Ruta, Marcello and Mateus, Octavio (2015) Mesozoic echinoid diversity in Portugal: investigating fossil record quality and environmental constraints on a regional scale. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424 . pp. 132-146. ISSN 0031-0182

Xue, Jinzhuang, Huang, Pu, Ruta, Marcello, Benton, Michael J., Hao, Shougang, Xiong, Conghui, Cascales-Minana, Borjas, Wang, Qi and Liu, Le (2015) Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148 . pp. 77-93. ISSN 0012-8252

bmjtype

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

bottleneck

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

bushcricket

Gu, Jun-Jie, Montealegre-Z, Fernando, Robert, Daniel, Engel, Michael S., Qiao, Ge-Xia and Ren, Dong (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (10). pp. 3868-3873. ISSN 0027-8424

call evolution

Gu, Jun-Jie, Montealegre-Z, Fernando, Robert, Daniel, Engel, Michael S., Qiao, Ge-Xia and Ren, Dong (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (10). pp. 3868-3873. ISSN 0027-8424

categorical data

Ferron, Humberto G., Greenwood, Jenny M., Deline, Bradley, Martinez-Perez, Carlos, Botella, Hector, Sansom, Robert S., Ruta, Marcello and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2020) Categorical versus geometric morphometric approaches to characterizing the evolution of morphological disparity in Osteostraci (Vertebrata, stem Gnathostomata). Palaeontology . ISSN 0031-0239

characters

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

clades

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

cladistics

Thorne, Philippa M., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Resetting the evolution of marine reptiles at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (20). pp. 8339-8344. ISSN 0027-8424

cladogram

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

collector curve

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

colosteids

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

congruence

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

constraints

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

cosmopolitan

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

cretaceous

Lu, Junchang, Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu, Deeming, Charles and Liu, Yongqing (2015) Post-natal parental care in a Cretaceous diapsid from northeastern China. Geosciences Journal, 19 (2). pp. 273-280. ISSN 1226-4806

cynodonts

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

dermal skull

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

development

Coates, Michael I., Ruta, Marcello and Friedman, Matt (2008) Ever since Owen: changing perspectives on the early evolution of tetrapods. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39 . pp. 571-592. ISSN 1543-592X

diapsid

Lu, Junchang, Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu, Deeming, Charles and Liu, Yongqing (2015) Post-natal parental care in a Cretaceous diapsid from northeastern China. Geosciences Journal, 19 (2). pp. 273-280. ISSN 1226-4806

dinosaur

Birchard, Geoffrey F., Ruta, Marcello and Deeming, D. Charles (2013) Evolution of parental incubation behaviour in dinosaurs cannot be inferred from clutch mass in birds. Biology Letters, 9 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1744-9561

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

disparity

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

Ferron, Humberto G., Greenwood, Jenny M., Deline, Bradley, Martinez-Perez, Carlos, Botella, Hector, Sansom, Robert S., Ruta, Marcello and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2020) Categorical versus geometric morphometric approaches to characterizing the evolution of morphological disparity in Osteostraci (Vertebrata, stem Gnathostomata). Palaeontology . ISSN 0031-0239

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

dispersal

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

diversification

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Clack, J.A., Bennett, C.A., Carpenter, D.K., Davies, S.J., Fraser, N.C., Kearsey, T.J., Marshall, J.E.A., Millward, D., Otoo, B.K.A., Reeves, E.J., Ross, A.J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K.Z., Smithson, T.R. and Walsh, S.A. (2017) Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1 . p. 2. ISSN 2397-334X

diversity

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

Ruta, Marcello, Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Fröbisch, Jörg and Benton, Michael J. (2013) Decoupling of morphological disparity and taxic diversity during the adaptive radiation of anomodont therapsids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8452

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

Young, Mark T., Brusatte, Stephen L., Ruta, Marcello and Andrade, Marco Brandalise de (2010) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158 (4). pp. 801-859. ISSN 0024-4082

earliest Serpukhovian (‘Namurian’)

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

early tetrapods

Ruta, Marcello (2011) Phylogenetic signal and character compatibility in the appendicular skeleton of early tetrapods. In: Studies on Fossil Tetrapods. Special Papers in Palaeontology (86). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 31-43. ISBN 9781444361896

ecological modelling

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

ecomorphology

Young, Mark T., Brusatte, Stephen L., Ruta, Marcello and Andrade, Marco Brandalise de (2010) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158 (4). pp. 801-859. ISSN 0024-4082

egg

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2019) Pre-natal developmental patterns and their implications for super-precocial flight ability in pterosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (201904). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8452

eggshell outline

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

eigenshape analysis

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

embryology

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2019) Pre-natal developmental patterns and their implications for super-precocial flight ability in pterosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (201904). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8452

empirical morphospace

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

end-Permian mass extinction

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

euryhaline

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

evolution

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

evolutionary ecology

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

evolutionary innovation

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

evolutionary rate shifts

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

extinction

Brocklehurst, Neil, Ruta, Marcello, Müller, Johannes and Fröbisch, Jörg (2015) Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as a case study. Scientific Reports, 5 (17104). pp. 1-10. ISSN ISSN 2045-2322

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

extinctions

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

feeding

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

Penrice, Samantha and Deeming, Charles (2018) Morphometrics of feeding anatomy in stereospondyl amphibians. Australasian Palaeontological Memoirs, 51 . pp. 131-140. ISSN 2205-8877

felids

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

fin-limb transition

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

finite-element analysis

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

fins

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

fish

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

fish communities

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

fossa subarcuata

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

fossil record

Bernard, Emma L., Ruta, Marcello, Tarver, James E. and Benton, Michael J. (2010) The fossil record of early tetrapods: worker effort and the end-Permian mass extinction. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55 (2). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0567-7920

fossils

Wills, M. A., Gerber, S., Ruta, M. and Hughes, M. (2012) The disparity of priapulid, archaeopriapulid and palaeoscolecid worms in the light of new data. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25 (10). pp. 2056-2076. ISSN 1010-061X

functional morphology

Young, Mark T., Brusatte, Stephen L., Ruta, Marcello and Andrade, Marco Brandalise de (2010) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158 (4). pp. 801-859. ISSN 0024-4082

geometric morphometrics

Ferron, Humberto G., Greenwood, Jenny M., Deline, Bradley, Martinez-Perez, Carlos, Botella, Hector, Sansom, Robert S., Ruta, Marcello and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2020) Categorical versus geometric morphometric approaches to characterizing the evolution of morphological disparity in Osteostraci (Vertebrata, stem Gnathostomata). Palaeontology . ISSN 0031-0239

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

ghost lineages

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

girdles

Ruta, Marcello (2011) Phylogenetic signal and character compatibility in the appendicular skeleton of early tetrapods. In: Studies on Fossil Tetrapods. Special Papers in Palaeontology (86). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 31-43. ISBN 9781444361896

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

growth

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

heterochrony

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

humeral morphology

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

incubation

Birchard, Geoffrey F., Ruta, Marcello and Deeming, D. Charles (2013) Evolution of parental incubation behaviour in dinosaurs cannot be inferred from clutch mass in birds. Biology Letters, 9 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1744-9561

inner ear

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

interpterygoid vacuities

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

landmarks

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

lepospondyls

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

limbs

Coates, Michael I., Ruta, Marcello and Friedman, Matt (2008) Ever since Owen: changing perspectives on the early evolution of tetrapods. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39 . pp. 571-592. ISSN 1543-592X

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

lissamphibians

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

Ruta, Marcello, Krieger, Jonathan, Angieczyk, Kenneth D. and Wiils, Matthew A. (2019) The evolution of the tetrapod humerus: morphometrics, disparity, and evolutionary rates. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). p. 351. ISSN TRE-2018-0013.R1

lowe jaw

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

lower jaw

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

mesozoic

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2019) Pre-natal developmental patterns and their implications for super-precocial flight ability in pterosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (201904). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8452

morphology

Ivanov, Martin, Ruta, Marcello, Klembara, Jozef and Böhme, Madelaine (2018) A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology . ISSN 1477-2019

morphometrics

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

Thorne, Philippa M., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Resetting the evolution of marine reptiles at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (20). pp. 8339-8344. ISSN 0027-8424

morphospace

Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2012) The roots of amphibian morphospace: a geometric morphometric analysis of paleozoic temnospondyls. In: Studies in vertebrate paleobiology: essays in honor of John R. Bolt. Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences (5). Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 40-58. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

Ferron, Humberto G., Greenwood, Jenny M., Deline, Bradley, Martinez-Perez, Carlos, Botella, Hector, Sansom, Robert S., Ruta, Marcello and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2020) Categorical versus geometric morphometric approaches to characterizing the evolution of morphological disparity in Osteostraci (Vertebrata, stem Gnathostomata). Palaeontology . ISSN 0031-0239

Hetherington, Alexander J., Sherratt, Emma, Ruta, Marcello, Wilkinson, Mark, Deline, Bradley and Donoghue, Philip C. J. (2015) Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology, 58 (3). pp. 393-399. ISSN 0031-0239

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

ontogeny

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

orbit openings

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

origin of amniotes

Klembara, Jozef, Hain, Miroslav, Ruta, Marcello, Berman, David S, Pierce, Stephanie E. and Henrici, Amy C. (2020) Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group. Palaeontology, 63 (1). pp. 131-154. ISSN 0031-0239

origination

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

originations

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

paired appendages

Ruta, Marcello (2011) Phylogenetic signal and character compatibility in the appendicular skeleton of early tetrapods. In: Studies on Fossil Tetrapods. Special Papers in Palaeontology (86). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 31-43. ISBN 9781444361896

palaeoecology

Ivanov, Martin, Ruta, Marcello, Klembara, Jozef and Böhme, Madelaine (2018) A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology . ISSN 1477-2019

palate

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

paleontology

Coates, Michael I., Ruta, Marcello and Friedman, Matt (2008) Ever since Owen: changing perspectives on the early evolution of tetrapods. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39 . pp. 571-592. ISSN 1543-592X

parental care

Birchard, Geoffrey F., Ruta, Marcello and Deeming, D. Charles (2013) Evolution of parental incubation behaviour in dinosaurs cannot be inferred from clutch mass in birds. Biology Letters, 9 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1744-9561

Lu, Junchang, Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu, Deeming, Charles and Liu, Yongqing (2015) Post-natal parental care in a Cretaceous diapsid from northeastern China. Geosciences Journal, 19 (2). pp. 273-280. ISSN 1226-4806

parsimony ratchet

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

partition homogeneity

Li, Yimeng, Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2020) Craniodental and Postcranial Characters of Non-Avian Dinosauria Often Imply Different Trees. Systematic Biology, 69 (4). pp. 638-659. ISSN 1063-5157

phylogenetic comparative methods

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

phylogenetic signal

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

phylogeny

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

Coates, Michael I., Ruta, Marcello and Friedman, Matt (2008) Ever since Owen: changing perspectives on the early evolution of tetrapods. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39 . pp. 571-592. ISSN 1543-592X

Ivanov, Martin, Ruta, Marcello, Klembara, Jozef and Böhme, Madelaine (2018) A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology . ISSN 1477-2019

Neenan, James M., Ruta, Marcello, Clack, Jennifer A. and Rayfield, Emily J. (2014) Feeding biomechanics in Acanthostega and across the fish–tetrapod transition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281 (1781). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8436

Ruta, Marcello (2009) Patterns of morphological evolution in major groups of paleozoic temnospondyli (Amphibia: tetrapoda). In: Patterns and Processes in Early Vertebrate Evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology (81). Wiley-Blackwell / Palaeontological Association, Oxford, pp. 91-120. ISBN 9781405199209

Ruta, Marcello (2011) Phylogenetic signal and character compatibility in the appendicular skeleton of early tetrapods. In: Studies on Fossil Tetrapods. Special Papers in Palaeontology (86). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 31-43. ISBN 9781444361896

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2008) The brachyopoid Hadrokkosaurus bradyi from the early Middle Triassic of Arizona, and a phylogenetic analysis of lower jaw characters in temnospondyl amphibians. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 53 (4). pp. 579-592. ISSN 0567-7920

Ruta, Marcello and Bolt, John R. (2006) A reassessment of the temnospondyl amphibian Perryella olsoni from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (2). pp. 113-165. ISSN 1755-6910

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

Ruta, Marcello and Clack, Jennifer A. (2006) A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (1). pp. 31-63. ISSN 1755-6910

Thorne, Philippa M., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Resetting the evolution of marine reptiles at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (20). pp. 8339-8344. ISSN 0027-8424

Young, Mark T., Brusatte, Stephen L., Ruta, Marcello and Andrade, Marco Brandalise de (2010) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158 (4). pp. 801-859. ISSN 0024-4082

phylomorphospace

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

postcranium

Ruta, Marcello and Clack, Jennifer A. (2006) A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (1). pp. 31-63. ISSN 1755-6910

pterodactyloids

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

pterosaur

Unwin, David and Deeming, Charles (2019) Pre-natal developmental patterns and their implications for super-precocial flight ability in pterosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (201904). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0962-8452

pterosaurs

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

radiation

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

rarefaction

Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2008) Calibrated diversity, tree topology and the mother of mass extinctions: the lesson of temnospondyls. Palaeontology, 51 (6). pp. 1261-1288. ISSN 0031-0239

rate shifts

Sakamoto, Manabu, Ruta, Marcello and Venditti, Chris (2019) Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1894). p. 20181932. ISSN 0962-8452

rates

Ruta, Marcello, Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Mitchell, Stephen A. and Benton, Michael J. (2013) The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1769). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0962-8452

relationships

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

rhamphorhynchoids

Prentice, Katherine C., Ruta, Marcello and Benton, Michael J. (2011) Evolution of morphological disparity in pterosaurs. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 9 (3). pp. 337-353. ISSN 1477-2019

salinity gradient

O Gogain, A., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Carpenter, D. K., Miller, R. F., Benton, M. J., Pufahl, P. K., Ruta, M., Davies, T. G., Hinds, S. J. and Stimson, M. R. (2016) Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology, 59 (5). pp. 689-724. ISSN 0031-0239

scaling

Birchard, Geoffrey F., Ruta, Marcello and Deeming, D. Charles (2013) Evolution of parental incubation behaviour in dinosaurs cannot be inferred from clutch mass in birds. Biology Letters, 9 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1744-9561

sexual dimorphism

Lu, Junchang, Unwin, David M., Deeming, D. Charles, Jin, Xingsheng, Liu, Yongqing and Ji, Qiang (2011) An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs. Science, 331 (6015). pp. 321-324. ISSN 0193-4511

shape

Sakamoto, Manabu and Ruta, Marcello (2012) Convergence and divergence in the evolution of cat skulls: temporal and spatial patterns of morphological diversity. PLoS ONE, 7 (e39752). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1932-6203

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

shoulder girdle

Beznosov, Pavel A., Clack, Jennifer A., Luksevics, Ervins, Ruta, Marcello and Ahlberg, Per E. (2019) Morphology of the earliest reconstructable tetrapod. Nature . ISSN 0028-0836

sizes

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

skull

Ivanov, Martin, Ruta, Marcello, Klembara, Jozef and Böhme, Madelaine (2018) A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology . ISSN 1477-2019

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

Ruta, Marcello and Clack, Jennifer A. (2006) A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 97 (1). pp. 31-63. ISSN 1755-6910

Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R. and Coates, Michael I. (2001) The tetrapod Caerorhachis bairdi Holmes and Carroll from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Societ y of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 92 (3). pp. 229-261. ISSN 1755-6910

skull shaoe

Witzmann, Florian, Scholz, Henning and Ruta, Marcello (2009) Morphospace occupation of temnospondyl growth series: a geometric morphometric approach. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 33 (3). pp. 237-255. ISSN 0311-5518

spatial relationships

Witzmann, Florian and Ruta, Marcello (2019) Evolutionary changes in the orbits and palatal openings of early tetrapods, with emphasis on temnospondyls. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109 (1-2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 1755-6910

stem-amniote

Klembara, Jozef, Clack, Jennifer A., Milner, Andrew R. and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34 (4). pp. 774-792. ISSN 0272-4634

taxon exemplar

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

terrestriality

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

tetrapods

Anderson, Philip S. L., Friedman, Matt and Ruta, Marcello (2013) Late to the table: diversification of tetrapod mandibular biomechanics lagged behind the evolution of terrestriality. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53 (2). pp. 197-208. ISSN 1540-7063

Clack, J.A., Bennett, C.A., Carpenter, D.K., Davies, S.J., Fraser, N.C., Kearsey, T.J., Marshall, J.E.A., Millward, D., Otoo, B.K.A., Reeves, E.J., Ross, A.J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K.Z., Smithson, T.R. and Walsh, S.A. (2017) Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1 . p. 2. ISSN 2397-334X

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

Ruta, Marcello and Wills, Matthew A. (2016) Comparable disparity in the appendicular skeleton across the fish-tetrapod transition, and the morphological gap between fish and tetrapod postcrania. Palaeontology, 59 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0031-0239

therapsids

Botha-Brink, Jennifer, Codron, Daryl, Huttenlocker, Adam K., Angielczyk, Kenneth D. and Ruta, Marcello (2016) Breeding young as a survival strategy during earth’s greatest mass extinction. Scientific Reports, 6 (24053). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2045-2322

theropods

Deeming, D. Charles and Ruta, Marcello (2014) Egg shape changes at the theropod–bird transition, and a morphometric study of amniote eggs. Royal Society Open Science . ISSN 2054-5703

total-group

Ruta, Marcello, Coates, Michael I. and Quicke, Donald L. J. (2003) Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews, 78 (2). pp. 251-345. ISSN 1464-7931

trait correlation

Ruta, Marcello (2011) Phylogenetic signal and character compatibility in the appendicular skeleton of early tetrapods. In: Studies on Fossil Tetrapods. Special Papers in Palaeontology (86). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 31-43. ISBN 9781444361896

turnover

Ruta, Marcello, Cisneros, Juan C., Liebrecht, Torsten, Tsuji, Linda A. and Muller, Johannes (2011) Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction. Palaeontology, 54 (5). pp. 1117-1137. ISSN 0031-0239

vertebrates

Coates, Michael I., Ruta, Marcello and Friedman, Matt (2008) Ever since Owen: changing perspectives on the early evolution of tetrapods. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39 . pp. 571-592. ISSN 1543-592X

water vapour conductance

Deeming, Charles (2006) Ultrastructural and functional morphology of eggshells supports the idea that dinosaur eggs were incubated buried in a substrate. Palaeontology, 49 (1). pp. 171-185. ISSN 0031-0239

‘lepospondyl’ polyphyly

Clack, Jennifer A., Ruta, Marcello, Milner, Andrew R., Marshall, John E. A., Smithson, Timothy R. and Smithson, Keturah Z. (2019) Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science, 6 (5). p. 182087. ISSN 2054-5703

This list was generated on Fri Aug 14 00:23:26 2020 BST.