Items where Subject is "F Physical Sciences > F331 Atmospheric Physics"

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Agriculture Arctic Arctic Ocean Arctic Oscillation Arctic and Antarctic Arctic oscillations Arctic sea ice Atlantic Ocean (North) Atmospheric circulation Atmospheric pressure Atmospheric pressure, Annual and monthly values Atmospheric teleconnections Atmospheric temperature Balloons Beaufort Sea Beaufort sea Blocking Blocking index CO2 laser Canary Islands Cape Verde Macaronesia Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Chains Circulation patterns Climate change Climate change, Arctic Oscillation Climate models Climate reconstruction Current generation Digital storage Driving mechanism Drought Earth atmosphere El Nino-Southern Oscillation Europe Extreme temperatures Fisheries Geopotential height Global climate model Global surface temperature Greenhouse gases Greenland Greenland Blocking Index Groundwater High pressure Hurricanes Ice loss Ice sheet Indian summer monsoon rainfall Intra-annual variability Land surface temperature Lapland Macaronesia Madeira Mann-Kendall Maximum and minimum temperatures Mean annual air temperatures Mean sea level pressures Meridional flows Minimum temperatures Nickel Nitrogen oxides Nonlinear interactions Norrbotten North America North American North Atlantic North Atlantic Oscillation North Atlantic Oscillation, Arctic North Atlantic oscillations North atlantic oscillation indices Oceanography Ozone Ozone layer Portugal Pre-industrial conditions Precipitation (meteorology) Precipitation variability Pressure differences Pressure, Blocking Proximate cause Quasi-biennial oscillation Rain Regional climate changes Sea ice Sea level Sea level pressure Sea level, Atmospheric blocking Sea level, Atmospheric circulation changes Sea level, Commerce, air temperature Sea surface temperature (SST), Ice Seasonal and interannual variability Sen slope Snow Soil moisture Spain Storm track Storms Stratospheric circulations, Fighter aircraft, air temperature Submarine geophysics Surface measurement Surface properties Surface waters Sweden Synoptic climatology Synoptic flows Teleconnections Temperature anomaly Temporal and spatial changes Temporal and spatial distribution, Atmospheric temperature, air temperature Time-periods Trade winds, Atmospheric pressure Tropics Truck drivers Twentieth century, Climate change UK extreme weather Volcanoes, Jet streams Water conservation, Agricultural productions West Greenland Western Arctic, Climatology, air-sea interaction Wind patterns, Climatology, amplitude Wind-jets Winter variability, Climate models, Arctic Oscillation World adaptation advection air temperature air-sea interaction annual variation anticyclone arctic glaciology; calving; glacier discharge; ice/ocean interactions arctic glaciology; ice-sheet mass balance; mass-balance reconstruction atmospheric circulation atmospheric conditions blocking citizen science climate change climate classification climate feedback climate forcing climate modeling climate variability climate variation cold air drainage complex terrain coupling database decadal variation eclipse meteorology extratropical environment extreme event flux measurement frost geopotential global climate global warming heat transfer ice sheet ionosphere jet stream meridional circulation meteorology microclimate micrometeorology mountains numerical model nylon 66 optics orographic effect polar front polar front jet predictability predictors pressure rainfall regional climate renewable power generation science outreach sea level pressure sea surface temperature solar eclipse spatial distribution storm track, Atlantic Ocean surface air temperature surface temperature surface treatment synoptic meteorology synoptic meteorology, Arctic teleconnection, Arctic Ocean teleconnections temperature temporal distribution trade wind trend analysis trend analysis, Arctic troposphere, Arctic uncertainty analysis, Abisko valley wind warming, Azores weather forecasting wettability wind wind-driven circulation, Arctic
Number of items at this level: 247.

Agriculture

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Arctic

Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Overland, James E. (2017) Can Arctic warming influence UK extreme weather? Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. and Jonasson, Christer (2012) How can meteorological observations and microclimate simulations improve understanding of 1913-2010 climate change around Abisko, Swedish Lapland? Meteorological Applications, 19 (4). pp. 454-463. ISSN 1350-4827

Arctic Ocean

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Arctic Oscillation

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

Arctic and Antarctic

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

Arctic oscillations

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Arctic sea ice

Ballinger, Thomas J. and Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Miller, Jeffrey and Ribergaard, Mads H. and Hoyer, Jacob. L. (2017) Greenland coastal air temperatures linked to Baffin Bay and Greenland Sea ice conditions during autumn through regional blocking patterns. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

Atlantic Ocean (North)

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Atmospheric circulation

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Atmospheric pressure

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Atmospheric pressure, Annual and monthly values

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Atmospheric teleconnections

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Atmospheric temperature

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Balloons

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Beaufort Sea

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Beaufort sea

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Blocking

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Blocking index

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

CO2 laser

Waugh, David and Lawrence, Jonathan and Morgan, D.J. (2009) Investigation into time dependant degradation and atmospheric conditions on the wettability of nylon 6,6 which has undergone CO2 laser surface modification. In: ICALEO 2009, 2nd - 5th November 2009, Orlando, FL, USA..

Canary Islands

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Cape Verde Macaronesia

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Carbon dioxide

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Carbon monoxide

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Chains

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Circulation patterns

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Climate change

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Climate change, Arctic Oscillation

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Climate models

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Climate reconstruction

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Current generation

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Digital storage

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Driving mechanism

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Drought

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Earth atmosphere

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

El Nino-Southern Oscillation

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Europe

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Extreme temperatures

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Fisheries

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Geopotential height

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Global climate model

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Global surface temperature

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Greenhouse gases

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Greenland

Ballinger, Thomas J. and Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Miller, Jeffrey and Ribergaard, Mads H. and Hoyer, Jacob. L. (2017) Greenland coastal air temperatures linked to Baffin Bay and Greenland Sea ice conditions during autumn through regional blocking patterns. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Greenland Blocking Index

Ballinger, Thomas J. and Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Miller, Jeffrey and Ribergaard, Mads H. and Hoyer, Jacob. L. (2017) Greenland coastal air temperatures linked to Baffin Bay and Greenland Sea ice conditions during autumn through regional blocking patterns. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

Groundwater

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

High pressure

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Hurricanes

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Ice loss

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Ice sheet

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Indian summer monsoon rainfall

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Intra-annual variability

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Land surface temperature

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Lapland

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

Macaronesia

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Madeira

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Mann-Kendall

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Maximum and minimum temperatures

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Mean annual air temperatures

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Mean sea level pressures

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Meridional flows

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Minimum temperatures

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Nickel

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Nitrogen oxides

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Nonlinear interactions

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Norrbotten

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

North America

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

North American

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

North Atlantic

Hall, Richard J. and Jones, Julie M. and Hanna, Edward and Scaife, Adam A. and Erdelyi, Robert (2017) Drivers and potential predictability of summer time North Atlantic polar front jet variability. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

North Atlantic Oscillation

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. (2017) North Atlantic oscillation. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science . ISSN .

Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Overland, James E. (2017) Can Arctic warming influence UK extreme weather? Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

North Atlantic Oscillation, Arctic

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

North Atlantic oscillations

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

North atlantic oscillation indices

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Oceanography

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Ozone

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Ozone layer

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Portugal

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Pre-industrial conditions

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Precipitation (meteorology)

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Precipitation variability

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Pressure differences

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Pressure, Blocking

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Proximate cause

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Quasi-biennial oscillation

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Rain

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Regional climate changes

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Sea ice

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Sea level

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Sea level pressure

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Sea level, Atmospheric blocking

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Sea level, Atmospheric circulation changes

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Sea level, Commerce, air temperature

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Sea surface temperature (SST), Ice

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Seasonal and interannual variability

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Sen slope

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Snow

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Soil moisture

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Spain

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Storm track

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Storms

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Stratospheric circulations, Fighter aircraft, air temperature

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Submarine geophysics

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Surface measurement

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Surface properties

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Surface waters

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Sweden

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. and Jonasson, Christer (2012) How can meteorological observations and microclimate simulations improve understanding of 1913-2010 climate change around Abisko, Swedish Lapland? Meteorological Applications, 19 (4). pp. 454-463. ISSN 1350-4827

Synoptic climatology

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Synoptic flows

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

Teleconnections

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Temperature anomaly

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Temporal and spatial changes

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Temporal and spatial distribution, Atmospheric temperature, air temperature

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Time-periods

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

Trade winds, Atmospheric pressure

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Tropics

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

Truck drivers

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Twentieth century, Climate change

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Hall, Richard J. and Cappelen, John (2016) Greenland Blocking Index 1851-2015: a regional climate change signal. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (15). pp. 4847-4861. ISSN 0899-8418

UK extreme weather

Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Overland, James E. (2017) Can Arctic warming influence UK extreme weather? Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

Volcanoes, Jet streams

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Water conservation, Agricultural productions

Aaron-Morrison, A.P. and Ackerman, S.A. and Adams, N.G. and Adler, R.F. and Albanil, A. and Alfaro, E.J. and Allan, R. and Alves, L.M. and Amador, J.A. and Andreassen, L.M. and Arendt, A. and Arevalo, J. and Arndt, D.S. and Arzhanova, N.M. and Aschan, M.M. and Azorin-Molina, C. and Banzon, V. and Bardin, M.U. and Barichivich, J. and Baringer, M.O. and Barreira, S. and Baxter, S. and Bazo, J. and Becker, A. and Bedka, K.M. and Behrenfeld, M.J. and Bell, G.D. and Belmont, M. and Benedetti, A. and Bernhard, G. and Berrisford, P. and Berry, D.I. and Bettolli, M.L. and Bhatt, U.S. and Bidegain, M. and Bill, B.D. and Billheimer, S. and Bissolli, P. and Blake, E.S. and Blunden, J. and Bosilovich, M.G. and Boucher, O. and Boudet, D. and Box, J.E. and Boyer, T. and Braathen, G.O. and Bromwich, D.H. and Brown, R. and Bulygina, O.N. and Burgess, D. and Calderon, B. and Camargo, S.J. and Campbell, J.D. and Cappelen, J. and Carrasco, G. and Carter, B.R. and Chambers, D.P. and Chandler, E. and Christiansen, H.H. and Christy, J.R. and Chung, D. and Chung, E.-S. and Cinque, K. and Clem, K.R. and Coelho, C.A. and Cogley, J.G. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Colwell, S. and Cooper, O.R. and Copland, L. and Cosca, C.E. and Cross, J.N. and Crotwell, M.J. and Crouch, J. and Davis, S.M. and De Eyto, E. and De Jeu, R.A.M. and De Laat, J. and Degasperi, C.L. and Degenstein, D. and Demircan, M. and Derksen, C. and Destin, D. and Di Girolamo, L. and Di Giuseppe, F. and Diamond, H.J. and Dlugokencky, E.J. and Dohan, K. and Dokulil, M.T. and Dolgov, A.V. and Dolman, A.J. and Domingues, C.M. and Donat, M.G. and Dong, S. and Dorigo, W.A. and Dortch, Q. and Doucette, G. and Drozdov, D.S. and Ducklow, H. and Dunn, R.J.H. and Duran-Quesada, A.M. and Dutton, G.S. and Ebrahim, A. and Elkharrim, M. and Elkins, J.W. and Espinoza, J.C. and Etienne-Leblanc, S. and Evans, III and Famiglietti, J.S. and Farrell, S. and Fateh, S. and Fausto, R.S. and Fedaeff, N. and Feely, R.A. and Feng, Z. and Fenimore, C. and Fettweis, X. and Fioletov, V.E. and Flemming, J. and Fogarty, C.T. and Fogt, R.L. and Folland, C. and Fonseca, C. and Fossheim, M. and Foster, M.J. and Fountain, A. and Francis, S.D. and Franz, B.A. and Frey, R.A. and Frith, S.M. and Froidevaux, L. and Ganter, C. and Garzoli, S. and Gerland, S. and Gobron, N. and Goldenberg, S.B. and Gomez, R.S. and Goni, G. and Goto, A. and Grooss, J.-U. and Gruber, A. and Guard, C.C. and Gugliemin, M. and Gupta, S.K. and Gutierrez, J.M. and Hagos, S. and Hahn, S. and Haimberger, L. and Hakkarainen, J. and Hall, B.D. and Halpert, M.S. and Hamlington, B.D. and Hanna, E. and Hansen, K. and Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Harris, I. and Heidinger, A.K. and Heikkilä, A. and Heil, A. and Heim, Jr. and Hendricks, S. and Hernandez, M. and Hidalgo, H.G. and Hilburn, K. and Ho, S.-P.B. and Holmes, R.M. and Hu, Z.-Z. and Huang, B. and Huelsing, H.K. and Huffman, G.J. and Hughes, C. and Hurst, D.F. and Ialongo, I. and Ijampy, J.A. and Ingvaldsen, R.B. and Inness, A. and Isaksen, K. and Ishii, M. and Jevrejeva, S. and Jimenez, C. and Jin, X. and Johannesen, E. and John, V. and Johnsen, B. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, G.C. and Jones, P.D. and Joseph, A.C. and Jumaux, G. and Kabidi, K. and Kaiser, J.W. and Kato, S. and Kazemi, A. and Keller, L.M. and Kendon, M. and Kennedy, J. and Kerr, K. and Kholodov, A.L. and Khoshkam, M. and Killick, R. and Kim, H. and Kim, S.-J. and Kimberlain, T.B. and Klotzbach, P.J. and Knaff, J.A. and Kobayashi, S. and Kohler, J. and Korhonen, J. and Korshunova, N.N. and Kovacs, K.M. and Kramarova, N. and Kratz, D.P. and Kruger, A. and Kruk, M.C. and Kudela, R. and Kumar, A. and Lakatos, M. and Lakkala, K. and Lander, M.A. and Landsea, C.W. and Lankhorst, M. and Lantz, K. and Lazzara, M.A. and Lemons, P. and Leuliette, E. and L'Heureux, M. and Lieser, J.L. and Lin, I.-I. and Liu, H. and Liu, Y. and Locarnini, R. and Loeb, N.G. and Lo Monaco, C. and Long, C.S. and Lopez Alvarez, L.A. and Lorrey, A.M. and Loyola, D. and Lumpkin, R. and Luo, J.-J. and Luojus, K. and Lydersen, C. and Lyman, J.M. and Maberly, S.C. and Maddux, B.C. and Malheiros Ramos, A. and Malkova, G.V. and Manney, G. and Marcellin, V. and Marchenko, S.S. and Marengo, J.A. and Marra, J.J. and Marszelewski, W. and Martens, B. and Marti­nez-Guingla, R. and Massom, R.A. and Mata, M.M. and Mathis, J.T. and May, L. and Mayer, M. and Mazloff, M. and McBride, C. and McCabe, M.F. and McCarthy, M. and McClelland, J.W. and McGree, S. and McVicar, T.R. and Mears, C.A. and Meier, W. and Meinen, C.S. and Mekonnen, A. and Menendez, M. and Mengistu Tsidu, G. and Menzel, W.P. and Merchant, C.J. and Meredith, M.P. and Merrifield, M.A. and Metzl, N. and Minnis, P. and Miralles, D.G. and Mistelbauer, T. and Mitchum, G.T. and Monselesan, D. and Monteiro, P. and Montzka, S.A. and Morice, C. and Mote, T. and Mudryk, L. and Mühle, J. and Mullan, A.B. and Nash, E.R. and Naveira-Garabato, A.C. and Nerem, R.S. and Newman, P.A. and Nieto, J.J. and Noetzli, J. and O'Neel, S. and Osborn, T.J. and Overland, J. and Oyunjargal, L. and Parinussa, R.M. and Park, E.-H. and Parker, D. and Parrington, M. and Parsons, A.R. and Pasch, R.J. and Pascual-Ramirez, R. and Paterson, A.M. and Paulik, C. and Pearce, P.R. and Pelto, M.S. and Peng, L. and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E. and Perovich, D. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Pezza, A.B. and Phillips, D. and Pinty, B. and Pitts, M.C. and Pons, M.R. and Porter, A.O. and Primicerio, R. and Proshutinsky, A. and Quegan, S. and Quintana, J. and Rahimzadeh, F. and Rajeevan, M. and Randriamarolaza, L. and Razuvaev, V.N. and Reagan, J. and Reid, P. and Reimer, C. and Remy, S. and Renwick, J.A. and Revadekar, J.V. and Richter-Menge, J. and Riffler, M. and Rimmer, A. and Rintoul, S. and Robinson, D.A. and Rodell, M. and Rodriguez Soli­s, J.L. and Romanovsky, V.E. and Ronchail, J. and Rosenlof, K.H. and Roth, C. and Rusak, J.A. and Sabine, C.L. and Sallee, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Santee, M.L. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and Sayouri, A. and Scambos, T.A. and Schemm, J. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, C. and Schmid, M. and Schmidtko, S. and Schreck, C. J. and Selkirk, H.B. and Send, U. and Sensoy, S. and Setzer, A. and Sharp, M. and Shaw, A. and Shi, L. and Shiklomanov, A.I. and Shiklomanov, N.I. and Siegel, D.A. and Signorini, S.R. and Sima, F. and Simmons, A.J. and Smeets, C.J.P.P. and Smith, S.L. and Spence, J.M. and Srivastava, A.K. and Stackhouse, P.W. and Stammerjohn, S. and Steinbrecht, W. and Stella, J.L. and Stengel, M. and Stennett-Brown, R. and Stephenson, T.S. and Strahan, S. and Streletskiy, D.A. and Sun-Mack, S. and Swart, S. and Sweet, W. and Talley, L.D. and Tamar, G. and Tank, S.E. and Taylor, M.A. and Tedesco, M. and Teubner, K. and Thoman, R.L. and Thompson, P. and Thomson, L. and Timmermans, M.-L. and Tirnanes, J.A. and Tobin, S. and Trachte, K. and Trainer, V.L. and Tretiakov, M. and Trewin, B.C. and Trotman, A.R. and Tschudi, M. and Van As, D. and Van De Wal, R.S.W. and van der A., R.J. and Van Der Schalie, R. and Van Der Schrier, G. and Van Der Werf, G.R. and Van Meerbeeck, C.J. and Velicogna, I. and Verburg, P. and Vigneswaran, B. and Vincent, L.A. and Volkov, D. and Vose, R.S. and Wagner, W. and WÃ¥hlin, A. and Wahr, J. and Walsh, J. and Wang, C. and Wang, J. and Wang, L. and Wang, M. and Wang, S.-H. and Wanninkhof, R. and Watanabe, S. and Weber, M. and Weller, R.A. and Weyhenmeyer, G.A. and Whitewood, R. and Wijffels, S.E. and Wilber, A.C. and Wild, J.D. and Willett, K.M. and Williams, M.J.M. and Willie, S. and Wolken, G. and Wong, T. and Wood, E.F. and Woolway, R.I. and Wouters, B. and Xue, Y. and Yamada, R. and Yim, S.-Y. and Yin, X. and Young, S.H. and Yu, L. and Zahid, H. and Zambrano, E. and Zhang, P. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, L. and Ziemke, J.R. and Love-Brotak, S.E. and Gilbert, K. and Maycock, T. and Osborne, S. and Sprain, M. and Veasey, S.W. and Ambrose, B.J. and Griffin, J. and Misch, D.J. and Riddle, D.B. and Young, T. (2016) State of the climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8). S1-S275. ISSN 0003-0007

West Greenland

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Western Arctic, Climatology, air-sea interaction

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Wind patterns, Climatology, amplitude

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

Wind-jets

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

Winter variability, Climate models, Arctic Oscillation

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

World

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

adaptation

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. and Jonasson, Christer (2012) How can meteorological observations and microclimate simulations improve understanding of 1913-2010 climate change around Abisko, Swedish Lapland? Meteorological Applications, 19 (4). pp. 454-463. ISSN 1350-4827

advection

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

air temperature

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

air-sea interaction

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

annual variation

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

anticyclone

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

arctic glaciology; calving; glacier discharge; ice/ocean interactions

Cowton, T. and Sole, A. and Nienow, P. and Slater, D. and Wilton, D. and Hanna, E. (2016) Controls on the transport of oceanic heat to Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier, East Greenland. Journal of Glaciology, 62 (236). pp. 1167-1180. ISSN 0022-1430

arctic glaciology; ice-sheet mass balance; mass-balance reconstruction

Wilton, D. J. and Jowett, A. and Hanna, E. and Bigg, G. R. and Van Den Broeke, M. R. and Fettweis, X. and Huybrechts, P. (2017) High resolution (1 km) positive degree-day modelling of Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance, 1870-2012 using reanalysis data. Journal of Glaciology, 63 (237). pp. 176-193. ISSN 0022-1430

atmospheric circulation

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

atmospheric conditions

Waugh, David and Lawrence, Jonathan and Morgan, D.J. (2009) Investigation into time dependant degradation and atmospheric conditions on the wettability of nylon 6,6 which has undergone CO2 laser surface modification. In: ICALEO 2009, 2nd - 5th November 2009, Orlando, FL, USA..

blocking

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

citizen science

Harrison, R. Giles and Hanna, Edward (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). p. 20150225. ISSN 1364–503X

climate change

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. (2017) North Atlantic oscillation. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science . ISSN .

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. and Jonasson, Christer (2012) How can meteorological observations and microclimate simulations improve understanding of 1913-2010 climate change around Abisko, Swedish Lapland? Meteorological Applications, 19 (4). pp. 454-463. ISSN 1350-4827

climate classification

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

climate feedback

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

climate forcing

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

climate modeling

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

climate variability

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

climate variation

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

cold air drainage

Bigg, Grant R. and Wise, Stephen M. and Hanna, Edward and Mansell, Damien and Bryant, Robert G. and Howard, Alick (2014) Synoptic climatology of cold air drainage in the Derwent Valley, Peak District, UK. Meteorological Applications, 21 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 1350-4827

complex terrain

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

coupling

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

database

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

decadal variation

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

eclipse meteorology

Harrison, R. Giles and Hanna, Edward (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). p. 20150225. ISSN 1364–503X

extratropical environment

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

extreme event

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

flux measurement

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

frost

Bigg, Grant R. and Wise, Stephen M. and Hanna, Edward and Mansell, Damien and Bryant, Robert G. and Howard, Alick (2014) Synoptic climatology of cold air drainage in the Derwent Valley, Peak District, UK. Meteorological Applications, 21 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 1350-4827

geopotential

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

global climate

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. and Jones, Philip D. and Scaife, Adam A. and Allan, Rob (2015) Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (9). pp. 2540-2554. ISSN 0899-8418

global warming

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

Hanna, Edward and Cropper, Thomas E. (2017) North Atlantic oscillation. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science . ISSN .

Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Overland, James E. (2017) Can Arctic warming influence UK extreme weather? Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

heat transfer

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

ice sheet

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

ionosphere

Hanna, Edward (1992) A prominent optical phenomenon associated with the physics of the ionosphere. Weather, 47 (9). pp. 339-341. ISSN 0043-1656

jet stream

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Overland, James E. (2017) Can Arctic warming influence UK extreme weather? Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

meridional circulation

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

meteorology

Hanna, Edward (2017) Meteorological effects of the 20 March 2015 solar eclipse over the UK. Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

Hanna, Edward and Penman, John and Jonsson, Trausti and Bigg, Grant R. and Bjornsson, Halldor and Sjuroarson, Solvi and Hansen, Mads A. and Cappelen, John and Bryant, Robert G. (2016) Meteorological effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015: analysis of UK Met Office automatic weather station data and comparison with automatic weather station data from the Faroes and Iceland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). ISSN 1364-503X

microclimate

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

micrometeorology

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

mountains

Bigg, Grant R. and Wise, Stephen M. and Hanna, Edward and Mansell, Damien and Bryant, Robert G. and Howard, Alick (2014) Synoptic climatology of cold air drainage in the Derwent Valley, Peak District, UK. Meteorological Applications, 21 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 1350-4827

numerical model

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

nylon 66

Waugh, David and Lawrence, Jonathan and Morgan, D.J. (2009) Investigation into time dependant degradation and atmospheric conditions on the wettability of nylon 6,6 which has undergone CO2 laser surface modification. In: ICALEO 2009, 2nd - 5th November 2009, Orlando, FL, USA..

optics

Hanna, Edward (1992) A prominent optical phenomenon associated with the physics of the ionosphere. Weather, 47 (9). pp. 339-341. ISSN 0043-1656

orographic effect

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

polar front

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

polar front jet

Hall, Richard J. and Jones, Julie M. and Hanna, Edward and Scaife, Adam A. and Erdelyi, Robert (2017) Drivers and potential predictability of summer time North Atlantic polar front jet variability. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

predictability

Hall, Richard J. and Jones, Julie M. and Hanna, Edward and Scaife, Adam A. and Erdelyi, Robert (2017) Drivers and potential predictability of summer time North Atlantic polar front jet variability. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

predictors

Hall, Richard J. and Jones, Julie M. and Hanna, Edward and Scaife, Adam A. and Erdelyi, Robert (2017) Drivers and potential predictability of summer time North Atlantic polar front jet variability. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

pressure

Hanna, Edward and Penman, John and Jonsson, Trausti and Bigg, Grant R. and Bjornsson, Halldor and Sjuroarson, Solvi and Hansen, Mads A. and Cappelen, John and Bryant, Robert G. (2016) Meteorological effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015: analysis of UK Met Office automatic weather station data and comparison with automatic weather station data from the Faroes and Iceland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). ISSN 1364-503X

rainfall

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

regional climate

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

renewable power generation

Harrison, R. Giles and Hanna, Edward (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). p. 20150225. ISSN 1364–503X

science outreach

Harrison, R. Giles and Hanna, Edward (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). p. 20150225. ISSN 1364–503X

sea level pressure

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

sea surface temperature

Ballinger, Thomas J. and Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Miller, Jeffrey and Ribergaard, Mads H. and Hoyer, Jacob. L. (2017) Greenland coastal air temperatures linked to Baffin Bay and Greenland Sea ice conditions during autumn through regional blocking patterns. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

solar eclipse

Hanna, Edward (2017) Meteorological effects of the 20 March 2015 solar eclipse over the UK. Weather . ISSN 0043-1656

Hanna, Edward and Penman, John and Jonsson, Trausti and Bigg, Grant R. and Bjornsson, Halldor and Sjuroarson, Solvi and Hansen, Mads A. and Cappelen, John and Bryant, Robert G. (2016) Meteorological effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015: analysis of UK Met Office automatic weather station data and comparison with automatic weather station data from the Faroes and Iceland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). ISSN 1364-503X

spatial distribution

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

storm track, Atlantic Ocean

Hall, Richard and Erdelyi, Robert and Hanna, Edward and Jones, Julie M. and Scaife, Adam A. (2015) Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability. International Journal of Climatology, 35 (8). pp. 1697-1720. ISSN 0899-8418

surface air temperature

Ballinger, Thomas J. and Hanna, Edward and Hall, Richard J. and Miller, Jeffrey and Ribergaard, Mads H. and Hoyer, Jacob. L. (2017) Greenland coastal air temperatures linked to Baffin Bay and Greenland Sea ice conditions during autumn through regional blocking patterns. Climate Dynamics . ISSN 0930-7575

surface temperature

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

surface treatment

Waugh, David and Lawrence, Jonathan and Morgan, D.J. (2009) Investigation into time dependant degradation and atmospheric conditions on the wettability of nylon 6,6 which has undergone CO2 laser surface modification. In: ICALEO 2009, 2nd - 5th November 2009, Orlando, FL, USA..

synoptic meteorology

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

synoptic meteorology, Arctic

Orr, Andrew and Hanna, Edward and Hunt, Julian C. R. and Cappelen, John and Steffen, Konrad and Stephens, Ag (2005) Characteristics of stable flows over Southern Greenland. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162 (10). pp. 1747-1778. ISSN 0033-4553

teleconnection, Arctic Ocean

Ballinger, T. J. and Sheridan, S. C. and Hanna, E. (2014) Resolving the Beaufort Sea High using synoptic climatological methods. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (11). pp. 3312-3319. ISSN 0899-8418

teleconnections

Overland, J. and Francis, J. A. and Hall, R. and Hanna, E. and Kim, S.-J. and Vihma, T. (2015) The melting arctic and midlatitude weather patterns: are they connected? Journal of Climate, 28 (20). pp. 7917-7932. ISSN 0894-8755

temperature

Hanna, Edward and Penman, John and Jonsson, Trausti and Bigg, Grant R. and Bjornsson, Halldor and Sjuroarson, Solvi and Hansen, Mads A. and Cappelen, John and Bryant, Robert G. (2016) Meteorological effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015: analysis of UK Met Office automatic weather station data and comparison with automatic weather station data from the Faroes and Iceland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). ISSN 1364-503X

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. and Jonasson, Christer (2012) How can meteorological observations and microclimate simulations improve understanding of 1913-2010 climate change around Abisko, Swedish Lapland? Meteorological Applications, 19 (4). pp. 454-463. ISSN 1350-4827

temporal distribution

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

trade wind

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

trend analysis

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

trend analysis, Arctic

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

troposphere, Arctic

Fettweis, X. and Hanna, E. and Lang, C. and Belleflamme, A. and Erpicum, M. and Gallee, H. (2013) Important role of the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation in the recent surface melt increase over the Greenland ice sheet [brief communication]. Cryosphere, 7 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 1994-0416

uncertainty analysis, Abisko

Yang, Zhenlin and Hanna, Edward and Callaghan, Terry V. (2011) Modelling surface-air-temperature variation over complex terrain around Abisko, Swedish Lapland: Uncertainties of measurements and models at different scales. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 93 (2). pp. 89-112. ISSN 0435-3676

valley wind

Bigg, Grant R. and Wise, Stephen M. and Hanna, Edward and Mansell, Damien and Bryant, Robert G. and Howard, Alick (2014) Synoptic climatology of cold air drainage in the Derwent Valley, Peak District, UK. Meteorological Applications, 21 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 1350-4827

warming, Azores

Cropper, T. E. and Hanna, Edward (2014) An analysis of the climate of Macaronesia, 1865-2012. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (3). pp. 604-622. ISSN 0899-8418

weather forecasting

Harrison, R. Giles and Hanna, Edward (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). p. 20150225. ISSN 1364–503X

wettability

Waugh, David and Lawrence, Jonathan and Morgan, D.J. (2009) Investigation into time dependant degradation and atmospheric conditions on the wettability of nylon 6,6 which has undergone CO2 laser surface modification. In: ICALEO 2009, 2nd - 5th November 2009, Orlando, FL, USA..

wind

Hanna, Edward and Penman, John and Jonsson, Trausti and Bigg, Grant R. and Bjornsson, Halldor and Sjuroarson, Solvi and Hansen, Mads A. and Cappelen, John and Bryant, Robert G. (2016) Meteorological effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015: analysis of UK Met Office automatic weather station data and comparison with automatic weather station data from the Faroes and Iceland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). ISSN 1364-503X

wind-driven circulation, Arctic

Overland, J. E. and Francis, J. A. and Hanna, E. and Wang, M. (2012) The recent shift in early summer Arctic atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). ISSN 0094-8276

This list was generated on Wed May 24 02:44:24 2017 BST.