Empowering distributed solar PV energy for Malaysian rural housing: towards energy security equitability of rural communities

Ahmad, Nur A. and Byrd, Hugh (2013) Empowering distributed solar PV energy for Malaysian rural housing: towards energy security equitability of rural communities. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 2 (1). ISSN 2252-4940

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Abstract

This paper illustrates how Malaysia’s development has been powered by cheap oil and gas making it dependent and addicted to using large amounts of fossil fuels. As a country that is primarily depended on fossil fuels for generating power supply, Malaysia needs to devise of long-term energy security due to fossil fuel depletion and peak oil issues. Loss of these resources could lead to the reduction of power generation capacity which will threaten the stability of the electricity supply in Malaysia. This could potentially influence an increase in electricity costs which lead to power scarcity and load shedding for the country. With the risk of interrupted power supplies, rural households, especially those of low-income groups are particularly vulnerable to the post-effects of a power outage and an inequitable distribution of electricity. Distributed generation of electricity by solar PVs diminishes the vulnerability of these households and can also offer an income to them by feeding the power supply to the national grid through a Feed-in Tariff scheme. At the moment, the deployment of solar PV installations is still in the introductory stage in Malaysia, where roof-mounted PV panels are only available to commercial and urban residential buildings. This is due to the lack of a suitable renewable energy policy for rural households and the high cost of the solar PV technology. This paper will put forward an analysis for incorporating solar photovoltaic on roofs of rural houses by identifying the energy consumption of these households and the extent to which PVs can alleviate electricity insecurity. The results present significant potential for distributed PV power generation and the benefits of roof-mounted solar PV for rural people in Malaysia.

Keywords:feed in tariff, Malaysia, rural housing, solar PV, bmjoaj
Subjects:H Engineering > H631 Electrical Power Generation
K Architecture, Building and Planning > K422 Rural Planning
Divisions:College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
ID Code:8986
Deposited On:22 Apr 2013 11:28

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