Factors supporting career pathway development amongst Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand: A cross-sectional survey

Rakhab, Aranya, Jackson, Christine, Nilmanat, Kittikorn , Butterworth, Tony and Kane, Ros (2021) Factors supporting career pathway development amongst Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand: A cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 117 . p. 103882. ISSN 0020-7489

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.103882

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Factors supporting career pathway development amongst Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand: A cross-sectional survey
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Abstract

Background: Thailand has recently reformed its health care system and this change has contributed to the rapidly increasing need for skilled and experienced specialist nurses and in 2003 a new Advanced Practice Nursing role was formally introduced. While Advanced Practice Nursing is now accepted as a clinical career option, there is little understanding of the factors conducive to successful career development. This study offers the first examination of factors associated with successful career progression for Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand.

Objectives
1. To provide a description of the Advanced Practice Nurse population in Thailand, as represented by a purposive stratified national sample.
2. To examine the factors influencing successful career pathway development of Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand.
3. To examine the factors which influence the extent to which Advanced Practice Nurses in Thailand engage in evidence-based practice and research.

Design: National cross-sectional survey. Setting: Thailand.

Participants: 333 currently practicing Advanced Practice Nurses.

Methods: A national cross-sectional survey was conducted in Thailand in order to identify and examine key influencing factors on the successful development of Advanced Practice Nurses. The research tool was a specifically designed questionnaire in the Thai language, informed by international academic literature on the development of the Advanced Practice Nurse role, validated and piloted with 30 Advanced Practice Nurses to assess its reliability using Cronbach’s alpha. The data were analysed in SPSS (version 21). Initial parametric testing was done using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed to examine the relationship between the independent variables (those measuring demographic and support factors) and the dependent variables (measuring career pathway development).

Results: A response rate of 90% was achieved. A lack of clear progression routes in the Advanced Practice Nurse structure was identified along with inconsistent patterns of working including variation in the number of days per week (range: 1-5 days) that nurses dedicated to the Advanced Practice Nurse role and the amount of autonomy achieved in this role. The study highlighted a lack of research productivity in and production of outputs (59% had never published) and given the expectation of Advanced Practice Nurses to both produce and utilise research evidence, this constitutes a significant gap in current practice. Other factors reported as important for career pathway development of Advanced Practice Nurses related to the environment, peer networks, institutional (hospitals) and external (government and the Thai Nursing Council) support. Conclusions: Our study offers insights for national and local policymakers and highlights the need to firmly establish, standardised career pathways in Advanced Practice Nursing to support career progression and the implementation of evidence into practice. These findings also have implications for clinical departments which have a responsibility to ensure they provide an enabling environment for Advanced Practice Nurses to fully carry out their roles.

Keywords:Registration., Credentialing, Nursing Regulation, Nursing Roles, Nursing Education, Health Service Management, Capacity Building, Post-Graduate Education, Continuing Education, Advanced Practice
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B714 Practice Nursing
X Education > X990 Education not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:43930
Deposited On:15 Feb 2021 11:22

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