Applying The British Picture Vocabulary Scale To Estimate Premorbid Cognitive Ability In Adults

Ezard, Gemma, Slack, Jonathan, Pearce, Michael J and Hodgson, Timothy (2021) Applying The British Picture Vocabulary Scale To Estimate Premorbid Cognitive Ability In Adults. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult . ISSN 2327-9095

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1845700

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Applying the BPVS to Estimate Premorbid Ability in Adults
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Abstract

Estimating premorbid cognitive ability is an essential part of assessment as well as being an important consideration in research. The most widely used approach to premorbid assessment, The National Adult Reading Test (NART), relies on word reading ability. However, this can be problematic in patients where communication is impaired. This research assessed the effectiveness of a receptive vocabulary test, the British Picture Vocabulary Scale II (BPVS) as an alternative. Correlations were found between the BPVS, NART and the Weschler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) in 87 healthy participants. Regression equations were calculated relating NART and BPVS raw scores to IQ scores in the healthy sample. WASI, NART and BPVS scores were also obtained in19 patients with varying neurological aetiology as part of their routine assessment. Results showed that 18 out of 19 patients obtained BPVS derived IQ scores similar to or higher than their WASI IQ. Whereas mean BPVS derived IQ did not differ significantly between the standardisation and clinical samples, WASI IQ scores were lower in the patient group. The findings suggest that the BPVS II ‘holds’ after acquired cognitive impairment and is a promising alternative method for estimating premorbid IQ in patients who have difficulties reading or verbalising.

Keywords:receptive vocabulary, aphasia, PPVT-R, language impairment
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:43189
Deposited On:09 Dec 2020 11:44

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