Effect of 10 Weeks of Complex Training on Speed and Power in Academy Soccer Players

Gee, Thomas, Harsley, Paul and Bishop, Daniel (2021) Effect of 10 Weeks of Complex Training on Speed and Power in Academy Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance . ISSN 1555-0265

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Effect of 10 Weeks of Complex Training on Speed and Power in Academy Soccer Players
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Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of complex-paired and reverse-contrast 10-week training programs on sprint, power, and change-of-direction speed performance of elite academy soccer players. Methods: Seventeen elite academy soccer players each performed assessments of the 10- and 40-m sprint, Abalakov vertical jump, seated medicine-ball throw, and Arrowhead change-of-direction speed test, both prior to and after a twice-weekly 10-week resistance-training program. The participants were randomly split into 2 groups; the complex-paired training group (CPT, n = 9) performed 4 different complex pairs, (heavy resistance exercises paired with plyometric and Olympic lifting–style exercises), with each pair being interspersed with an 8-minute recovery period in line with recommended guidelines. The comparative group (reverse-contrast training group, n = 8) performed the same exercises; however, all of the plyometric and Olympic lifting exercises preceded the heavy-resistance exercises. Results: Both groups achieved post intervention increases in the seated medicine-ball throw test (CPT + 1.6% and reverse-contrast training group + 1.8%, P < .05), whereas the VJ performance improved only in the CPT group (+3.4%, P =.003). No significant improvements were observed in either the 10- and the 40-m sprint or Arrowhead change-of-direction speed
test for either group. Conclusions: The CPT experienced a small but significant within-group improvement in jump performance. However, no significant between-group differences were observed in any of the testing variables post-intervention. Subsequently, for academy soccer athletes, the CPT approach did not produce meaningful benefits to performance compared with a more time-efficient reverse-contrast approach.

Keywords:resistance training, post-activation performance enhancement, youth, sprint
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:42842
Deposited On:06 Nov 2020 13:57

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