Characterization of plasma formation and mass ejection in Exploding Foil Initiators

Borman, Alexander and Dowding, Colin (2020) Characterization of plasma formation and mass ejection in Exploding Foil Initiators. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science . ISSN 0093-3813

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Characterization of plasma formation and mass ejection in Exploding Foil Initiators
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Abstract

To aid exploding foil initiator (EFI) design, better prediction of ejecta momentum through either mass or velocity prediction is required. A numerical model was developed to calculate the mass of material converted to plasma within the confined region of an exploding foil initiator bridge during change of state under an electrical stimulus from a discharging capacitor. Optimisation is facilitated through the increased understanding of plasma evolution in current EFI designs, including the impact of this on both current delivery to the bridge and overall unit efficiency. The plasma regions were formed in key regions within the bridge, termed PA (ground side of EFI) and PB (high-voltage side of EFI) in this work. Different regions were dominant in mass ejection for different operating voltages. A trend is identified wherein the bridge exhibits an optimum threshold between the capacitor energy being utilized for mass conversion to plasma and that used for acceleration of this mass. It is postulated that, through geometric design modification, this threshold can be adjusted to deliver the momentum threshold of the explosive for which an EFI may be designed.

Keywords:Exploding Foil Initiator, Finite Element Modelling, Plasma Mass Ejecta
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F200 Materials Science
H Engineering > H142 Solid Mechanics
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G140 Numerical Analysis
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:42761
Deposited On:17 Nov 2020 15:53

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