Substance misuse and community supervision: A systematic review of the literature

Sirdifield, Coral, Brooker, Charlie and Marples, Rebecca (2020) Substance misuse and community supervision: A systematic review of the literature. Forensic Science International: Mind and Law, 1 . ISSN 2666-3538

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsiml.2020.100031

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Substance misuse and community supervision: A systematic review of the literature
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Abstract

A narrative systematic review was undertaken of the literature concerning the health of people on probation or parole (community supervision). In this paper, we provide an up-to-date summary of what is known about substance misuse in this context. This includes estimates of the prevalence and complexity of substance misuse in those under community supervision, and studies of the effectiveness of approaches to treating substance misuse and engaging and retaining this population in treatment. A total of 5125 papers were identified in the initial electronic searches, and after careful double-blind review only 31 papers related to this topic met our criteria. In addition, a further 15 background papers were identified which are reported. We conclude that internationally there is a high prevalence and complexity of substance misuse amongst people under community supervision. Despite clear benefits to individuals and the wider society through improved health, and reduced re-offending; it is still difficult to identify the most effective ways of improving health outcomes for this group in relation to substance misuse from the research literature. Further research and investment is needed to support evidence-based commissioning by providing a detailed and up-to-date profile of needs and the most effective ways of addressing them, and sufficient funds to ensure that appropriate treatment is available and its impact can be continually measured. Without this, it will be impossible to truly establish effective referral and treatment pathways providing continuity of care for individuals as they progress through, and exit, the criminal justice pathway.

Keywords:Probation, substance misuse, substance abuse, addiction, systematic review, criminal justice system
Subjects:L Social studies > L510 Health & Welfare
L Social studies > L560 Probation/After Care
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:42509
Deposited On:11 Nov 2020 14:25

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