The effectiveness of Theraplay for children under 12 – a systematic literature review

Money, Rebecca, Wilde, Sarah and Dawson, Dave (2020) The effectiveness of Theraplay for children under 12 – a systematic literature review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health . ISSN 1475-3588

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12416

Documents
The effectiveness of Theraplay for children under 12 – a systematic literature review
Authors' Accepted Manuscript
[img] PDF
__network.uni_staff_S1_cjoyner_Downloads_Money Theraplay SLR - Repository.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only until 6 August 2021.

5MB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Background
Theraplay is a relationship‐focused model of treatment based on attachment theory involving both adult and child. The study aims to review the quality of Theraplay research and Theraplay’s effectiveness for children aged 12 years and under with a range of presenting difficulties, to inform future practice and identify areas for further research.

Methods
A systematic literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, CINAHL, MEDLINE and Web of Science. Quantitative studies using Theraplay only as a treatment for children aged 12 years and under with any presenting difficulty were identified. Additional manual searching was conducted, including eligible studies’ reference lists. Critical appraisal tools were used to provide a narrative synthesis of Theraplay’s effectiveness and research quality.

Results
Only six eligible articles were identified, meaning there was a lack of rigorous evidence eligible to offer conclusions into Theraplay’s effectiveness. The review highlighted the small evidence base, mixed quality research methodology and high levels of heterogeneity in how Theraplay is practiced and evaluated. Of the eligible studies, Theraplay was found promising in its effectiveness when used with internalising and externalising difficulties, dual diagnoses and developmental disabilities.

Conclusions
Theraplay is regularly practiced across the world; however, the evidence base of rigorous research to inform Theraplay’s effectiveness and mechanisms of change is lacking. Firm conclusions could not be offered, although Theraplay was shown to be promising intervention for some presentations. Further research into Theraplay’s effectiveness and key mechanisms of change are recommended to enhance the quality and depth of Theraplay literature.

Keywords:Theraplay, Systematic Review, Parent–Child Interaction, Mental Health
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:42268
Deposited On:24 Sep 2020 11:15

Repository Staff Only: item control page