What Drives the Immigration-Welfare Policy Link? Comparing Germany, France and the United Kingdom

Slaven, Mike, Casella Colombeau, Sara and Badenhoop, Elisabeth What Drives the Immigration-Welfare Policy Link? Comparing Germany, France and the United Kingdom. Comparative Political Studies . ISSN 0010-4140

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What Drives the Immigration-Welfare Policy Link? Comparing Germany, France and the United Kingdom
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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Western European states have increasingly linked immigration and welfare policy. This trend has important implications for European welfare-state trajectories, but accounts of the policy reasoning behind it have diverged. Are policymakers attempting to delimit social citizenship to secure welfare-state legitimacy? Pursuing new, market-oriented welfare-state goals? Symbolically communicating immigration control intentions to voters? Or attempting to instrumentally steer immigration flows? These accounts have rarely been tested empirically against each other. Redressing this, we employ 83 elite interviews in a comparative process-tracing study of policies linking welfare provision and immigration status in Germany, France, and the UK during the 1990s. We find little evidence suggesting welfare-guided policy reasonings. Rather, this policy linkage appears “immigration-guided:” meant to control "unwanted" immigration or resonate symbolically in immigration politics. Different exclusions from welfare support for migrants grew from existing national differences in welfare-state design and politicizations of immigration, not from policy intentions, which were largely shared.

Keywords:welfare state, immigration, welfare chauvinism
Subjects:L Social studies > L430 Public Policy
L Social studies > L200 Politics
L Social studies > L260 Comparative Politics
L Social studies > L231 Public Administration
L Social studies > L432 Welfare Policy
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:42132
Deposited On:21 Aug 2020 14:48

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