Face familiarity and image-specific memory

Kramer, Robin S. S., Berry, Chloe J., Jones, Alex L and Gous, Georgina (2020) Face familiarity and image-specific memory. Perception . 030100662094626. ISSN 0301-0066

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0301006620946265

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Face familiarity and image-specific memory
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Abstract

Face familiarity produces advantages for both memory and matching. By developing an internal representation through repeated experience, viewers extract identity-specific information that aids subsequent recognition. However, researchers have recently argued that this process may also result in a familiarity disadvantage, whereby specific instances of the face are more difficult to remember, perhaps due to this process of prioritising identity- over image-specific information. Although previous experiments found no evidence of this disadvantage in working memory, initial research has demonstrated an effect in longer term storage. Here, we attempted to replicate this finding by focussing on the ability to learn images of a single (un)familiar identity. Our results failed to demonstrate a familiarity disadvantage while replicating the finding that familiarity influences response bias. As researchers continue to investigate how familiarity alters both internal representations and associated processes, it is important to establish which processes may or may not be affected.

Keywords:face familiarity, face recognition, image memory, sensitivity, response bias
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:41726
Deposited On:06 Aug 2020 08:41

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