Word problems for finite nilpotent groups

Camina, Rachel, Iniguez, Ainhoa and Thillaisundaram, Anitha (2020) Word problems for finite nilpotent groups. Archiv der Mathematik . ISSN 0003-889X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00013-020-01504-w

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Word problems for finite nilpotent groups
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Abstract

Let $w$ be a word in $k$ variables. For a finite nilpotent group $G$, a conjecture of Amit states that $N_w(1)\ge|G|^{k-1}$, where for $g\in G$ the quantity $N_w(g)$ is the number of $k$-tuples $(g_1,\ldots,g_k)\in G^{(k)}$ such that $w(g_1,\ldots,g_k)=g$. Currently, this conjecture is known to be true for groups of nilpotency class $2$. Here we consider a generalized version of Amit's conjecture, which states that $N_w(g)\ge |G|^{k-1}$ for $g$ a $w$-value in $G$, and prove that $N_w(g)\ge |G|^{k-2}$, for finite groups $G$ of odd order and nilpotency class 2. If $w$ is a word in two variables, we further show that the generalized Amit conjecture holds for finite groups~$G$ of nilpotency class 2. In addition, we use character theory techniques to confirm the generalized Amit conjecture for finite $p$-groups ($p$ a prime) with two distinct irreducible character degrees and a particular family of words. Finally, we discuss the related group properties of being rational and chiral, and show that every finite group of nilpotency class 2 is rational.

Keywords:Words, Amit's conjecture, rational words
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G110 Pure Mathematics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
ID Code:41522
Deposited On:20 Jul 2020 15:38

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