Renewables-to-reefs? - Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry

Smyth, K., Christie, N., Burdon, D. , Atkins, J. P., Barnes, R. and Elliott, M. (2015) Renewables-to-reefs? - Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 90 (1-2). pp. 247-258. ISSN 0025-326X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.10.045

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Renewables-to-reefs? - Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry
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Abstract

The offshore wind power industry is relatively new but increasing globally, hence it is important that the whole life-cycle is managed. The construction–operation–decommissioning cycle is likely to take 20–30 years and whilst decommissioning may not be undertaken for many years, its management needs to be addressed in both current and future marine management regimes. This can be defined within a Drivers–Activities–Pressures–State Changes–Impacts (on human Welfare)–Responses framework. This paper considers the main decommissioning options – partial or complete removal of all components. A SWOT analysis shows environmental and economic benefits in partial as opposed to complete removal, especially if habitat created on the structures has conservation or commercial value. Benefits (and repercussions) are defined in terms of losses and gains of ecosystem services and societal benefits. The legal precedents and repercussions of both options are considered in terms of the 10-tenets of sustainable marine management. Finally a ‘renewables-to-reefs’ programme is proposed.

Additional Information:Unmapped bibliographic data: JA - Mar.Pollut.Bull. [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Keywords:Offshore wind and Renewable Energy, decommissioning, Ocean habitats, marine management
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F710 Marine Sciences
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Law School
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ID Code:41390
Deposited On:11 Sep 2020 14:30

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