Distinguishing density and the Distinct Spheres Condition

Imrich, Wilfried, Lehner, Florian and Smith, Simon (2020) Distinguishing density and the Distinct Spheres Condition. European Journal of Combinatorics, 89 . p. 103139. ISSN 0195-6698

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejc.2020.103139

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Distinguishing density and the Distinct Spheres Condition
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Abstract

If a graph G has distinguishing number 2, then there exists a partition of its vertex set into two parts, such that no nontrivial automorphism of G fixes setwise the two parts. Such a partition is called a 2-distinguishing coloring of G, and the parts are called its color classes. If G admits such a coloring, it is often possible to find another in which one of the color classes is sparse in a certain sense. In this case we say that G has 2-distinguishing density zero. An extreme example of this would be an infinite graph admitting a 2-distinguishing coloring in which one of the color classes is finite.

The Infinite Motion Conjecture is a well-known open conjecture about 2-distinguishability. A graph G is said to have infinite motion if every nontrivial automorphism of G moves infinitely many vertices, and the conjecture states that every connected, locally finite graph with infinite motion is 2-distinguishable. In this paper we show that for many classes of graphs for which the Infinite Motion Conjecture is known to hold, the graphs have 2-distinguishing density zero.

Keywords:Distinguishing number, Symmetry breaking
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G100 Mathematics
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G110 Pure Mathematics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
ID Code:40541
Deposited On:09 Apr 2020 11:03

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