Emotional prejudice can lead to infra-humanization

Demoulin, Stephanie, Rodriguez Torres, Ramon, Rodriguez Perez, Armando , Vaes, Jeroen, Paladino, Paola, Gaunt, Ruth, Cortes, Brezo and Leyens, Jacques-Philippe (2004) Emotional prejudice can lead to infra-humanization. European Review of Social Psychology, 15 (1). pp. 259-296. ISSN 1046-3283

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Abstract

Groups are social constructions with differences. People spontaneously attempt to explain differences between groups. Stereotypes often play this explanatory role. Specifically, group members tend to attribute different essences to social categories. Given widespread ethnocentrism, it is not surprising that individuals reserve “the human essence” for their ingroup, while other groups are attributed a lesser humanity. This phenomenon is called infra‐humanisation and happens outside people's awareness. Secondary emotions (e.g., love, hope, contempt, resentment) are considered uniquely human emotions in contrast to primary emotions (e.g., joy, surprise, fear, anger) that are shared with animals. The research programme summarised in this chapter demonstrates through various paradigms that members of groups not only attribute more secondary emotions to their ingroup than to outgroups, but are also reluctant to associate these emotions with outgroups. Moreover, people behave less cooperatively with an outgroup member who expresses himself with secondary emotions than with an ingroup member who uses the same terms. Interestingly, infra‐humanisation occurs for both high‐ and low‐status groups, even in the absence of conflict between groups.

Keywords:Prejudice, Infrahumanization, Intergroup relations
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C880 Social Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:39318
Deposited On:06 Jan 2020 10:29

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