A Web-Based Tool for Energy Balance Estimation in Multiple-Crops Production Systems

Busato, Patrizia, Sopegno, Alessandro, Berruto, Remigio, Bochtis, Dionysis and Calvo, Angela (2017) A Web-Based Tool for Energy Balance Estimation in Multiple-Crops Production Systems. Sustainability, 9 (5). p. 789. ISSN UNSPECIFIED

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/su9050789

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Abstract

Biomass production systems include multiple-crops rotations, various machinery systems, diversified operational practices and several dispersed fields located in a range of distances between the various facilities (e.g., storage and processing facilities). These factors diversify the energy and cost requirements of the system. To that effect, assessment tools dedicated a single-crop production based on average standards cannot provide an insight evaluation of a specific production system, e.g., for a whole farm in terms of energy and cost requirements. This paper is the continuation of previous work, which presents a web-based tool for cost estimation of biomass production and transportation of multiple-crop production. In the present work, the tool is extended to additionally provide the energy balance of the examined systems. The energy input includes the whole supply chain of the biomass, namely crop cultivation, harvesting, handling of biomass and transportation to the processing facilities. A case study involving a real crop production system that feeds a biogas plant of 200 kW was selected for the demonstration of the tool’s applicability. The output of the tool provides a series of indexes dedicated to the energy input and balance. The presented tool can be used for the comparison of the performance, in terms of energy requirements, between various crops, fields, operations practices, and operations systems providing support for decisions on the biomass production system design (e.g., allocation of crops to fields) and operations management (e.g., machinery system selection).

Keywords:energy input; biomass; bioeconomy; web-based system; simulation; RED.
Subjects:H Engineering > H650 Systems Engineering
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G500 Information Systems
Divisions:College of Science > National Centre for Food Manufacturing > Lincoln Institute for Agri-Food Technology
ID Code:39220
Deposited On:23 Dec 2019 09:37

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