Mobile Real-Time Grasshopper Detection and Data Aggregation Framework

Chudzik, Piotr, Mitchell, Arthur, Alkaseem, Mohammad, Wu, Yingie, Fang, Shibo, Hudaib, Taghread, Pearson, Simon and Al-Diri, Bashir (2020) Mobile Real-Time Grasshopper Detection and Data Aggregation Framework. Scientific Reports, 10 (1150). ISSN 2045-2322

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-57674-8

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Mobile Real-Time Grasshopper Detection and Data Aggregation Framework
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Abstract

nsects of the family Orthoptera: Acrididae including grasshoppers and locust devastate crops and eco-systems around the globe. The effective control of these insects requires large numbers of trained extension agents who try to spot concentrations of the insects on the ground so that they can be destroyed before they take flight. This is a challenging and difficult task. No automatic detection system is yet available to increase scouting productivity, data scale and fidelity. Here we demonstrate MAESTRO, a novel grasshopper detection framework that deploys deep learning within RBG images
to detect insects. MAeStRo uses a state-of-the-art two-stage training deep learning approach. the framework can be deployed not only on desktop computers but also on edge devices without internet connection such as smartphones. MAeStRo can gather data using cloud storage for further research and in-depth analysis. In addition, we provide a challenging new open dataset (GHCID) of highly variable grasshopper populations imaged in inner Mongolia. the detection performance of the stationary method and the mobile App are 78 and 49 percent respectively; the stationary method requires around 1000 ms to analyze a single image, whereas the mobile app uses only around 400 ms per image. The algorithms are purely data-driven and can be used for other detection tasks in agriculture (e.g. plant disease detection) and beyond. This system can play a crucial role in the collection and analysis of data to enable more effective control of this critical global pest.

Keywords:Mobile applications, Grasshoppers, Detection, Real-Time, Deep Learning, Swarm of Desert Locusts
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G760 Machine Learning
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G740 Computer Vision
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G700 Artificial Intelligence
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:39125
Deposited On:24 Jan 2020 14:24

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