Declines in HIV incidence among men and women in a South African population-based cohort

Vandormael, Alain, Akullian, Adam, Siedner, Mark , Bärnighausen, Till, de Oliveira, Tulio and Tanser, Frank (2019) Declines in HIV incidence among men and women in a South African population-based cohort. Nature Communications, 10 (1). ISSN 2041-1723

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13473-y

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Declines in HIV incidence among men and women in a South African population-based cohort
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Abstract

Over the past decade, there has been a massive scale-up of primary and secondary prevention services to reduce the population-wide incidence of HIV. However, the impact of these services on HIV incidence has not been demonstrated using a prospectively followed, population-based cohort from South Africa—the country with the world’s highest rate of new infections. To quantify HIV incidence trends in a hyperendemic population, we tested a cohort of 22,239 uninfected participants over 92,877 person-years of observation. We report a 43% decline in the overall incidence rate between 2012 and 2017, from 4.0 to 2.3 seroconversion events per 100 person-years. Men experienced an earlier and larger incidence decline than women (59% vs. 37% reduction), which is consistent with male circumcision scale-up and higher levels of female antiretroviral therapy coverage. Additional efforts are needed to get more men onto consistent, suppressive treatment so that new HIV infections can be reduced among women.

ID Code:39104
Deposited On:04 Dec 2019 15:04

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