The Effects of Replacing Native Forest on the Quantity and Impacts of In-Channel Pieces of Large Wood in Chilean Streams

Mao, Luca, Ugalde, F., Iroume, A. and Lacy, S.N. (2017) The Effects of Replacing Native Forest on the Quantity and Impacts of In-Channel Pieces of Large Wood in Chilean Streams. River Research and Applications, 33 (1). pp. 73-88. ISSN 15351459

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Abstract

Dead trees in rivers can significantly affect their morphological and ecological properties by increasing flow resistance, affecting sediment transport, and storing organic matter. Logs are usually recruited from banks or along the entire upstream basin. Although it is generally acknowledged that forested headwater streams feature higher volumes of in-channel pieces of large wood, the influence of forest type and forest management of the potential recruitment zone on the volumes and effects of wood have been less explored, especially in relation to the effects of replacing native forests with pine plantations. This paper presents a comparison of volumes of wood, and characteristics and effects on streams draining paired basins with comparable slopes, areas, and hydrologic regimes, but different in terms of land use. The five selected pairs of basins are located in the Coastal and Andean mountain Ranges in central Chile, in order to compare native forest and pine plantation basins. The results show that logs tend to be shorter and with larger diameters in streams draining native forest basins. Because of their smaller dimensions, logs and jams tend to be more mobile and oriented parallel to the flow. Volumes of in-channel wood in native forest basins are only slightly larger than in pine plantation basins, and no differences have been identified in terms of morphological effects on channel geometry. Also, fish type and biomass were comparable among pairs. Evidence highlights the importance of the width of riparian buffers in mitigating the effects of land use change, especially the substitution of native forest with plantations.

Additional Information:cited By 0
Keywords:Chile, fish, large wood, native forest, pine plantation, wood jams
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F820 Geomorphology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:32775
Deposited On:23 Jul 2018 09:47

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