Conversion of chitin derived N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (NAG) into polyols over transition metal catalysts and hydrogen in water

Bobbink, Felix D., Zhang, Jiaguang, Pierson, Yann , Chen, Xi and Yan, Ning (2015) Conversion of chitin derived N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (NAG) into polyols over transition metal catalysts and hydrogen in water. Green Chemistry, 17 (2). pp. 1024-1031. ISSN 1463-9262

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/C4GC01631A

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Abstract

N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine (NAG), the monomer of the world's second most abundant biopolymer chitin, has been for the first time converted to its corresponding amide/amino substituted sugar alcohols, smaller C2–4 polyols and N-acetylmonoethanolamine (NMEA), over noble metal catalysts in the presence of hydrogen in water. Four commercialized catalysts were investigated, and Ru/C exhibited the best performance—achieving 8.7% NMEA, 6.1% C4 polyols, and 71.9% C6 polyols (N-containing) under 180 °C, 40 bar H2, 1 h with 1 mol% loading. Kinetic studies were conducted, which revealed four major reaction pathways that lead to various products. In particular, retro-aldol reaction-hydrogenation was confirmed to be the pathway forming NMEA. The effects of additives (NaOH and WO3) on the reaction were also tested.

Keywords:Chitin
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F100 Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:30566
Deposited On:20 Feb 2018 11:28

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