Memoirs and Biographies

 email page    print page

All Topic Reviews
"Are You There Alone?""How Come Boys Get to Keep Their Noses?""My Madness Saved Me"10% Happier365 Days49 Up56 UpA Beautiful MindA Beautiful MindA Beautiful MindA Book of ReasonsA Can of MadnessA Child's Life and Other StoriesA Dangerous LiaisonA Fight to BeA First-Rate MadnessA Good Enough DaughterA Heartbreaking Work of Staggering GeniusA Lethal InheritanceA Lethal InheritanceA Life ShakenA Life Worth LivingA Little PregnantA Message from JakieA Million Little PiecesA Numerate LifeA Pocket History of Sex in the Twentieth CenturyA Slant of SunA Special EducationA Tribe ApartAbout FaceAddicted Like MeADHD & MeAEIOUAgainst Medical AdviceAgents in My BrainAileen - Life and Death of a Serial KillerAlgernon, Charlie and IAll Out!All Seasons PassAlphavilleAlways Too Much And Never EnoughAlzheimer'sAn Anthropologist on MarsAn EducationAn Unquiet MindAngela's AshesAngelheadAnna Freud: A BiographyAnnie's GhostsAnother Bullshit Night in Suck CityAnthology of a Crazy LadyApples and OrangesApproaching NeverlandAre You There, Vodka? It's Me, ChelseaAs I Live and BreatheAs Nature Made HimAt Home in the Heart of AppalachiaAt the End of WordsAvalancheBad BoyBad GirlBeautiful BoyBeautiful WreckBecoming AnnaBen Behind His VoicesBequest and BetrayalBereftBertrand RussellBlackoutBlanketsBloodlettingBodies in Motion and at RestBoneBorn on a Blue DayBoyBoy AloneBoyleBrain on FireBreaking ApartBreaking the SilenceBrokenBulimics on BulimiaBuzzCamus and SartreCharles DarwinChasing the HighCheeverCherryCity of OneCluesClumsyComfortComplications Compulsive ActsConfessions of a Cereal EaterConfessions of a Former ChildConfessions of a Grieving ChristianConfessions of the Other MotherConfidingConquering the Beast WithinContesting ChildhoodCrackedCrazyCry Depression, Celebrate RecoveryDamned to EternityDancing at the Shame PromDante's CureDaughter of the Queen of ShebaDavid Sedaris Live at Carnegie HallDays With My FatherDefeating the VoicesDementia Caregivers Share Their StoriesDepression and NarrativeDescartesDetourDevil in the DetailsDiagnosis: SchizophreniaDirty DetailsDirty SecretDivided MindsDivine MadnessDon't Get Too ComfortableDown Came the RainDress Your Family in Corduroy and DenimDrinkingDriving My FatherDrunkardDryEarly Embraces IIIEarly ExposuresEinsteinEinstein and OppenheimerElectroboyElegy for IrisElijah's CupElliott Smith and the Big NothingElsewhereEnough About YouEpilepticEvery Girl Tells a StoryEverything In Its PlaceExamined LivesExiting NirvanaFaces of Huntington'sFamily BoundFast GirlFearless ConfessionsFind MeFinding Iris ChangFirst Person Accounts of Mental Illness and RecoveryFirst Person PluralFixing My GazeFlanneryFolie a DeuxFor the Love of ItFortress of My YouthFrank Ramsey (1903-1930)Franz KafkaFraudFree RefillsFreudFreudFreudFriedrich NietzscheFrom Joy Division to New OrderFumblingFun HomeFuriously HappyGalileo Get Me Out of HereGirl in Need of a TourniquetGirl Walking BackwardsGirl, InterruptedGirl, InterruptedGirls on the VergeGoing BlindGoing Through Hell Without Help From AboveGraysonGrowing Up JungGuttedHalf a Brain Is EnoughHardcore from the HeartHead CasesHeal & ForgiveHeal & Forgive IIHeavier than HeavenHeinz KohutHeinz KohutHello from Heaven!Hello to All ThatHer HusbandHer Last DeathHigh PriceHole in My LifeHolidays On IceHolidays on IceHope's BoyHouse of Happy EndingsHouse of Happy EndingsHow I Stayed Alive When My Brain Was Trying to Kill MeHow to Lose Friends & Alienate PeopleHow to Make Love Like a Porn Starhow to stop timeHumeHunger Makes Me a Modern GirlHurry Down SunshineI Feel Bad About My NeckI Never Promised You a Rose GardenI Remain in DarknessI'd Rather Eat ChocolateI'd Rather LaughIf I Die Before I WakeImagining RobertIn Search of FatimaIn the Realms of the UnrealIn the Wake of SuicideInside TherapyInternInvisible No MoreIt Happened to NancyIt Takes a Worried ManJack Cole and Plastic ManJean-Paul SartreJohn Stuart MillJourneys with the Black DogJust CheckingKafkaKantLa SierraLab GirlLast Flight OutLearning to FallLet Me Make It GoodLife As We Know ItLife InterruptedLife ReimaginedLimboLincoln's MelancholyListening in the Silence, Seeing in the DarkLittle PeopleLive For Your Listening PleasureLive Through ThisLiving in the Shadow of the Freud FamilyLiving With SchizophreniaLiving with SchizophreniaLockeLonelyLong ShotLook Me in the EyeLooking for The StrangerLoose GirlLosing Mum and PupLosing My MindLove Is a Mix TapeLove SickLove Times ThreeLove Works Like ThisLove You, Mean ItLuckyLudwig WittgensteinLyingMad HouseMad PrideMadame ProustMadnessMagical ThinkingMalignant SadnessManicMarcel ProustMarcus AureliusMary BarnesMaverick MindMe Talk Pretty One DayMeaningMelanie KleinMemoirMemoirs of an Addicted BrainMemoirs of My Nervous IllnessMen-ipulationMisconceptionsMiss American PieMockingbird YearsMomma and the Meaning of LifeMommies Who DrinkMonkey MindMore, Now, AgainMortificationMy Age of AnxietyMy Body PoliticMy Brain Tumour AdventuresMy DepressionMy Father's HeartMy First Cousin Once RemovedMy Flesh and BloodMy Horizontal LifeMy Life Among the Serial KillersMy Sister LifeMy Stroke of InsightName All the AnimalsNeural MisfireNietzscheNietzsche: The Man and His PhilosophyNinety DaysNo Hurry to Get HomeNo Impact ManNo More ShavesNo One Cares About Crazy PeopleNolaNotebooks 1951-1959NothingOdd Girl Speaks OutOedipus WreckedOf Spirits & MadnessOn Being RapedOn the Edge of DarknessOn the MoveOne Hour in ParisOne Hundred DaysOphelia SpeaksPagan TimePassing for NormalPeople Who Eat DarknessPerfect ChaosPerfect ExamplePermanent Present TensePersepolisPlanet of the BlindPlaying with FirePlease Don't Kill the FreshmanPoisoned LovePollockPOPismPortraits of Huntington'sPoster ChildProzac DiaryPsychiatrist on the RoadPsychosis in the FamilyPuppy Chow Is Better Than ProzacQuitting the Nairobi TrioRaising BlazeReasons to Stay AliveRebuiltRecovered, Not CuredRelative StrangerRescuing JeffreyRestricted AccessRevengeRewind, Replay, RepeatRichard RortyRiding the Bus With My SisterRobert Lowell, Setting the River on FireRoom For JRosemaryRough MagicRunning After AntelopeRunning with ScissorsScattershotSchizophreniaSchopenhauerSecond OpinionsSectionedSeeing EzraSeeing the CrabSet the Boy FreeSex & Single GirlsSex ObjectShakespeareShe Bets Her LifeShe Got Up Off the CouchShut the DoorSickenedSilencing the VoicesSimone de BeauvoirSinging in the FireSkin GameSlackjawSlut!SmashedSome Assembly RequiredSome Kind of GeniusSometimes Amazing Things HappenSometimes Madness Is WisdomSongs from the Black ChairSongs of the Gorilla NationSoren KierkegaardSpeak to MeSpeaking Our Minds: Revised EditionSpecial SiblingsSpentStandbyStick FigureStill LivesStretchSunset StorySurviving OpheliaSwing LowTales from Both Sides of the BrainTales of PsychotherapyTalk to HerTell Me Everything You Don't RememberTellingTelling Tales About DementiaThe Accidental BillionairesThe AddictThe Anatomy of HopeThe Anti-Romantic ChildThe Art of MisdiagnosisThe Bastard on the Couch CDThe BeastThe Bell JarThe Best Seat in the HouseThe Big FixThe Body SilentThe Boy on the Green BicycleThe Boy Who Loved Too MuchThe Boy Who Loved WindowsThe Bright HourThe Buddha & The BorderlineThe Burn JournalsThe Camera My Mother Gave MeThe Cancer Monologue ProjectThe Center Cannot HoldThe Chelsea WhistleThe Churkendoose AnthologyThe Day the Voices StoppedThe Devil WithinThe DisappearanceThe Discomfort ZoneThe Doctor Is InThe Eden ExpressThe Family SilverThe Farm Colonies: Caring for New York City's Mentally Ill In Long Island's State HospitalsThe Fasting GirlThe First Man-Made ManThe First TimeThe Geography of BlissThe Glass CastleThe Good DoctorsThe Hillside Diary and Other WritingsThe Incantations of Daniel JohnstonThe Infidel and the ProfessorThe Last AsylumThe Last Good FreudianThe Last Time I Wore a DressThe Liars' ClubThe Lives and Loves of Daisy and Violet HiltonThe Lives They Left BehindThe LobotomistThe Long GoodbyeThe Looked After Kid: Memoirs from a Children's HomeThe Loony-Bin TripThe Madness of Our LivesThe Making of a PhilosopherThe Making of Friedrich NietzscheThe Man Who Couldn't EatThe Man Who Shocked the WorldThe Man Who Tasted ShapesThe Marvelous Hairy GirlsThe Maximum Security Book ClubThe Me in the MirrorThe Memory PalaceThe Mercy PapersThe Mistress's DaughterThe Mother of Black HollywoodThe Naked Bird WatcherThe Naked Lady Who Stood on Her HeadThe Night of the GunThe Noonday DemonThe Notebook GirlsThe NursesThe Only Girl in the CarThe Orchid ThiefThe Other HollywoodThe OutsiderThe Philosopher's Autobiography The Philosophical Breakfast ClubThe Philosophical IThe Pits and the PendulumThe Pornographer's GriefThe Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner The Professor and the MadmanThe Psychopath TestThe Quiet RoomThe Red DevilThe Rescue of Belle and SundanceThe Ride TogetherThe Rules of the TunnelThe Secret of LifeThe Shaking Woman or A History of My NervesThe Shared HeartThe Shiniest JewelThe Siren's DanceThe Statistical Life of MeThe Story of My FatherThe Strange Case of Hellish NellThe Summer of a DormouseThe SurrenderThe Talking CureThe Thought that CountsThe Three of UsThe Undoing ProjectThe Vagina MonologuesThe Velveteen FatherThe Winter of Our DisconnectThe Woman Who Walked into the SeaThe Years of Silence are PastThe Yellow HouseThe Yipping TigerThick As ThievesThinThis Close to HappyThomas S. SzaszTiger, TigerTits, Ass, and Real EstateTo Redeem One Person Is to Redeem the WorldTo Walk on EggshellsTransforming MadnessTrue CompassTruth & BeautyTruth Comes in BlowsTuesdays with MorrieTweakTwitch and ShoutUltimate JudgementUndercurrentsUnholy GhostUnlikelyVoices of AlcoholismVoices Of Alzheimer'sVoices of CaregivingVoices of RecoveryVoluntary MadnessWaiting for DaisyWar FareWashing My Life AwayWastedWaveWe're Going to Need More WineWe're Not MonstersWeather Reports from the Autism FrontWeekends at BellevueWhat Did I Do Last Night?What Goes UpWhat I Learned in Medical SchoolWhat's Normal?When a Crocodile Eats the SunWhen Breath Becomes AirWhen Do I Get My Shoelaces Back?.....When It Gets DarkWhen the Piano StopsWhen You Are Engulfed in FlamesWhere Did It All Go Right?Where is the Mango Princess?Where the Roots Reach for WaterWhile the City SleptWhile They SleptWho Was Jacques Derrida?Why I Left, Why I StayedWhy I'm Like ThisWildWill's ChoiceWinnicottWinnieWish I Could Be ThereWith Their EyesWomen Living with Self-InjuryWomen, Body, IllnessWrestling with the AngelYou Must Be DreamingYour Voice in My HeadZeldaZor

Related Topics
Nietzsche: The Man and His PhilosophyReview - Nietzsche: The Man and His Philosophy
Second edition
by R. J. Hollingdale
Cambridge University Press, 1999
Review by Daniel Came
Oct 16th 2001 (Volume 5, Issue 42)

Since R.J. Hollingdale's erudite and stimulating biography of Nietzsche was first published in 1965, interest in this most controversial and influential of modern philosophers has burgeoned almost to the point of excess. In spite of the classic status of Hollingdale's work, it has long been out of print, but it is reissued here with its text reorganized, revised, and expanded in the light of the glut of new documents concerning Nietzsche's life and new interpretations of his philosophy that have emerged in the intervening years. Hollingdale has subjected the text to a careful revision in which he has furnished stylistic amendments, corrected and updated certain passages, and modified statements of supposed fact which later research has shown to be erroneous. He has eliminated the now-obsolete appendices of the original and replaced them with a postscript which surveys the developments that have occurred in the publication and understanding of Nietzsche over the last third of a century. The end result is a meticulously researched, instructive, clear-headed, and above all moving work that is lucidly written in straightforward prose and which will serve as a fine introduction to Nietzsche.

As the subtitle indicates, the book attempts to combine biographical interpretation with philosophical discussion and analysis. As such, it integrates an account of Nietzsche's works into a narrative of his existence, from his formative years as the pious son of a Lutheran pastor to his untimely descent into madness and invalidity in 1889. It follows his years as a schoolboy at the celebrated Schulpforta, his appointment as Professor of Classical Philology at Basel at the prodigiously young age of 24, and the years of his isolation, with his wanderings in France, Switzerland, and Italy and his ill-fated affair with Lou Salomé.

In its capacity as an examination of Nietzsche's philosophy, it is an introductory text and, therefore, is bound to be selective and cursory. Following the chronological progression of Nietzsche's thought, it discusses his discipleship and later rift with Wagner, the nature and extent of his indebtedness to Schopenhauer and Darwin, and his relationship with the Greeks. The oscillation from biographical to philosophical material is inevitably somewhat spasmodic. But Hollingdale considers Nietzsche's philosophy as part of his life; that his thought is a creation of his existence and should be examined against this background. I have certain misgivings concerning this stance, but it is to Hollingdale's credit that he does not indulge in fanciful psychologizing about the origin or home of aspects of Nietzsche's thought. He rejects, for instance, the view that Nietzsche's antipathy towards Christianity owes its origin to an emotional rebellion against the Lutheran tradition in which he was raised, or, as has also been suggested, that his entire philosophy is no more than a conscious antithesis to that tradition. While there is, I think, an unmistakable element of rebellion present in Nietzsche's work and his Lutheran origins in particular exerted a potent influence on him, Hollingdale is right to make light of this by emphasizing the rational foundation of Nietzsche's thought and by resolutely striving to formulate interpretations and elucidations of his philosophy on secure textual foundations. Where Hollingdale does engage in psychological hypothesizing, it is always as a means of rationalizing concrete events in Nietzsche's life or aspects of his personality rather than his philosophy, as for example, when he posits the death of the philosopher's father, Karl Ludwig Nietzsche, in 1849 as the 'decisive event' of Nietzsche's life and as the primary cause of Nietzsche's inability in later years to settle down and lead a localized existence.

The cause of Karl Ludwig's death has been hotly debated and there has been speculation that he suffered from some kind of mental illness which was inherited by Nietzsche and led, in turn, to the philosopher's own mental breakdown. Hollingdale rejects this thesis on the grounds that there is only scant evidence as to what precisely Pastor Nietzsche was suffering from when he died. It is known that he was subject to 'very minor' epileptic fits and that nine months before his death he sustained a brain injury, but it is doubtful that he was ever in any sense insane and there is certainly no evidence that he passed on his putative insanity to his son. As regards the actual cause of Nietzsche's collapse of the last months of 1888, Hollingdale concurs in the received view that the philosopher fell victim to a syphilitic infection which degenerated into a condition usually known as general paralysis of the insane. Hollingdale does not conjecture as to the origin of Nietzsche's contraction of syphilis, but it is probable that it was the result of his consorting with prostitutes whilst studying at the University of Bonn.

Hollingdale's discussion of the importance of Wagner in Nietzsche's life and philosophy constitutes one of the most compelling portions of the book. It traces the evolution of Nietzsche's friendship with Wagner from their first meeting in 1869, through the years of Nietzsche's blind devotion as a propagandist of the Wagnerian cause, to the eventual break from Wagner marked by the publication in 1878 of Menschliches Allzumenschliches. The first question Hollingdale raises in connection to Nietzsche's relationship with Wagner concerns the source of his attractiveness to Nietzsche. Hollingdale rightly dismisses the whimsical view that Wagner was a 'father-figure' for Nietzsche and that it is this consideration which best accounts for the hold which the composer had over him. As Hollingdale points out, it may be true that Wagner took on a paternal role in Nietzsche's life: Wagner was just the age Karl Ludwig would have been had he lived and also looked like him. But a more realistic supposition is that it was primarily Wagner's character and genius that fired the philosopher's imagination. Hollingdale describes the experience of Nietzsche's relationship with Wagner as an 'awakening'; it was through his association with Wagner that Nietzsche became aware for the first time of the possibility of human greatness and the meaning of genius.

Hollingdale claims, however, that it was not only Wagner's genius as a composer that captivated Nietzsche; he was also in thrall to certain of Wagner's prose writings, especially those on aesthetics and art-theory. Hollingdale identifies the five works of 1849-51 (Kunst und Revolution, Das Kunstwerk der Zukunft, Kunst und Klima, Oper und Drama, Eine Mitteilung an meine Freunde) as those which exerted the most profound influence on Nietzsche's early work, and claims that their fundamental effect was to direct Nietzsche's attention towards drama, something in which he had hitherto shown no interest and to which he accorded no special value. Hollingdale argues that Nietzsche's interpretation of Athenian tragedy in Die Geburt der Tragödie (GT) as the fragile synthesis of two aesthetic principles or drives (Apollo and Dionysus) is derived from Wagner's dichotomy of Man and Nature. I think Hollingdale exaggerates the degree of Wagner's influence over Nietzsche in this matter, for although Nietzsche's analysis of tragedy is undoubtedly a counterpart to Wagner's Man and Nature, the dualism of GT is more directly linked to Schopenhauer's categories of 'will' and 'representation'. The Apollo/Dionysus distinction is principally between illusion and truth, individuation and unity; hence, Dionysus corresponds to Schopenhauer's indivisible and ultimately real Will, and Apollo resembles his individuated and inherently illusory world of representation. Of course, it may have been partially under Wagner's influence that Nietzsche too tried to solve problems by means of two self-sufficient principles, but the particularities of Nietzsche's duality certainly derive more from Schopenhauer than from Wagner.

Hollingdale's claim that Nietzsche's theory about the decline of ancient tragedy bears certain correspondences to Wagner's is, I think, more reasonable than the one just discussed. For both Nietzsche and Wagner represent the demise of Attic tragedy as a consequence of the rise of scientific rationalism and the belief in the supremacy of theoretical knowledge. But here too, Hollingdale does Nietzsche a disservice. For to imply, as Hollingdale does, that Nietzsche's account is simply a reiteration of Wagner's, is to underestimate the complexity of one of the most distinguished contributions to nineteenth century aesthetics.

As regards the much discussed issue of the cause of the later discord between Nietzsche and Wagner, Hollingdale simply asserts that Nietzsche's apparent revolt against Wagner was really just a 'return to himself' - an outcome of his growth as a thinker and his resolve to go his own way. This seems to me to be broadly correct, and it is worth noting in support of Hollingdale here that when Nietzsche broke away from Wagner he broke away from his other great mentor, Schopenhauer, as well. As Nietzsche would later put it, he eventually overcame these youthful passions, outgrew the deluded, unconditional admiration for Wagner (although he continued to love his music) and moved to a position of clear-sighted self-determination. One implication of interpreting Nietzsche's break with Wagner in this way is that his later re-appraisal of the composer as a décadent and the personification of everything that was to be rejected in modern culture cannot be taken at face value. For although the anti-Wagnerian Nietzsche did alter some of his views of his former idol on authentic intellectual grounds, it may be assumed that much of his condemnation was induced by a desire to diminish his intellectual debt to Wagner and a need to rid himself of all feelings of subservience to him. Accordingly, the mature Nietzsche's retrospective claims concerning his relationship with Wagner should be viewed with some caution. For their principal aim, I think, was not to provide an accurate mirroring of the facts, but to realize the redemption of Nietzsche's past, a redemption which required him to recreate his earlier self as more unique and self-directed than he actually was.

One of the weaker sections of Hollingdale's book is devoted to a discussion of Darwin's influence on Nietzsche. Hollingdale expounds a contentious view of Nietzsche's philosophy as both assimilating aspects of Darwinism and as an answer to the challenge posed by Darwin. He makes three main claims in this connection. First, he suggests that Nietzsche accepted the fundamental implication of Darwin's hypothesis, namely that mankind had evolved in a purely mechanistic way through fortuitous variations in individual organisms. Second, he claims that Nietzsche's basic interpretation of nature as chaotic, indifferent, and without a directing agency arose straight from his reading of Darwin. Third, he argues that Nietzsche's 'death of god' hypothesis and the related notion of the 'advent of nihilism' were engendered by Nietzsche's realization of the truth of the general conclusions of Darwinism. One initial rejoinder to the first of Hollingdale's claims is that it is at odds with numerous passages in which Nietzsche explicitly repudiates the truth of Darwinism. In particular, Nietzsche questions the cardinal Darwinian tenets of progress ('man as a species is not progressing'), transitional forms of life ('there are no transitional forms…Every type has its limits: beyond these there is no evolution'), and the development of higher species from lower ('that the higher organizations should have evolved out of lower has not been demonstrated in a single case'). Admittedly, such statements as these were probably intended to avert misrepresentations of the Übermensch as an evolutionary phenomenon. But, notwithstanding this consideration, it is difficult to reconcile these remarks with Nietzsche's alleged affirmation of Darwinism. As regards Hollingdale's second assertion, while it is true that Nietzsche's depiction of the natural world as chaotic was informed by a Weltbild which finds its origins at least partially in Darwin's system of nature, it is likely that it grew more directly from Schopenhauer. Schopenhauer had propounded a proto-Darwinian view of nature in his great work Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung, published in 1818, more than forty years before the appearance of The Origin of Species. Nature, Schopenhauer thought, was essentially an open bellum omnium contra omnes in which rival egoisms compete for individual satisfaction and survival. In view of Nietzsche's clear denunciation of Darwinism and his initial approbation of and deep immersion in Schopenhauer's philosophy, it seems probable that his own perception of nature owes more to this Schopenhauerian picture, than to Darwin. Finally, Hollingdale's interpretation of Nietzsche's overall philosophical enterprise as essentially an attempt to meet the existential challenges posed by Darwinism is, I believe, quite misleading. It is true that Nietzsche's main philosophical motivation was the need to work out and obviate the existential implications of the 'death of God', but it is anachronistic to construe Western atheism as having been generated by Darwinism alone. Atheism, of course, has its roots in the Enlightenment and eighteenth century rationalism, and so it is inaccurate to portray Darwin as its singular benefactor. Hollingdale is therefore wrong to represent Nietzsche's project as having been exclusively bestowed upon him by the general conclusions of Darwinism.

Despite the minor objections mentioned above, the book's classic status can only have been consolidated by Hollingdale's fresh examination of the text and evidence. It will remain indispensable as an introductory text for students of Nietzsche.

© 2001 Daniel Came

Daniel Came is a graduate student at the University of Oxford where he also teaches philosophy. His principal research interests are the History of German Philosophy and the Philosophy of Art.

This review first appeared online Sept 1, 2001


Welcome to MHN's unique book review site Metapsychology. We feature over 7900 in-depth reviews of a wide range of books and DVDs written by our reviewers from many backgrounds and perspectives. We update our front page weekly and add more than thirty new reviews each month. Our editor is Christian Perring, PhD. To contact him, use one of the forms available here.

Can't remember our URL? Access our reviews directly via ''

Metapsychology Online reviewers normally receive gratis review copies of the items they review.
Metapsychology Online receives a commission from for purchases through this site, which helps us send review copies to reviewers. Please support us by making your purchases through our Amazon links. We thank you for your support!

Join our e-mail list!: Metapsychology New Review Announcements: Sent out monthly, these announcements list our recent reviews. To subscribe, click here.

Interested in becoming a book reviewer for Metapsychology? Currently, we especially need thoughtful reviewers for books in fiction, self-help and popular psychology. To apply, write to our editor.

Metapsychology Online Reviews

Promote your Page too

Metapsychology Online Reviews
ISSN 1931-5716