Configural and component processing in simultaneous and sequential lineup procedures

Flowe, Heather, Smith, Harriet, Karoğlu, Nilda, Onwuegbusi, Tochukwu and Rai, Lovedeep (2016) Configural and component processing in simultaneous and sequential lineup procedures. Memory, 24 (3). pp. 306-314. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

Configural processing supports accurate face recognition, yet it has never been examined within the context of criminal identification lineups. We tested, using the inversion paradigm, the role of configural processing in lineups. Recent research has found that face discrimination accuracy in lineups is better in a simultaneous compared to a sequential lineup procedure. Therefore, we compared configural processing in simultaneous and sequential lineups to examine whether there are differences. We had participants view a crime video, and then they attempted to identify the perpetrator from a simultaneous or sequential lineup. The test faces were presented either upright or inverted, as previous research has shown that inverting test faces disrupts configural processing. The size of the inversion effect for faces was the same across lineup procedures, indicating that configural processing underlies face recognition in both procedures. Discrimination accuracy was comparable across lineup procedures in both the upright and inversion condition. Theoretical implications of the results are discussed.

Keywords:Eyewitness identification, Simultaneous and sequential lineups, Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis, Face perception, bmjconvert
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:29379
Deposited On:05 Mar 2018 16:04

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