Outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Zambia: a cohort analysis

Kapata, Nathan, Grobusch, Martin P., Chongwe, Gershom, Chanda-Kapata, Pascalina, Ngosa, William, Tembo, Mathias, Musonda, Shebba, Katemangwe, Patrick, Bates, Matthew, Mwaba, Peter, Zumla, Alimuddin and Cobelens, Frank (2017) Outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Zambia: a cohort analysis. Infection, 45 (6). pp. 831-839. ISSN 0300-8126

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Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to establish a baseline for measuring the impact of the programmatic management of drug-resistant TB program by following up on outcomes of all patients diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Zambia between 2012 and 2014.

METHODS

A cohort study of all the MDR-TB patients diagnosed at the national TB reference laboratory from across Zambia. MDR-TB was diagnosed by culture and DST, whereas outcome data were collected in 2015 by patient record checks and home visits.

RESULTS

The total number of patients diagnosed was 258. Of those, 110 (42.6%) patients were traceable for this study. There were 67 survivor participants (60.9%); 43 (39.1%) were deceased. Out of the 110 patients who were traced, only 71 (64.5%) were started on second-line treatment. Twenty-nine (40.8%) patients were declared cured and 16.9% were still on treatment; 8.4% had failed treatment. The survival rate was 20.2 per 100 person-years of follow-up. Taking ARVs was associated with a decreased risk of dying (hazard ratio 0.12, p = 0.002). Sex, age, marital status and treatment category were not important predictors of survival in MDR-TB patients.

CONCLUSIONS

More than half of the patients diagnosed with MDR-TB were lost to follow-up before second-line treatment was initiated.

Keywords:Tuberculosis
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:28989
Deposited On:07 Nov 2017 15:55

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